Wheat, soft

Grain of soft wheat (Triticum aestivum L., also known as Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 86.9 100 % - 2.3 80 -97.5 12597 2.2
Crude protein 10.9 12.6 % - 1 7.1 -16.8 22203 1.1 8.8 -18.7 12514
Crude fibre 2.4 2.8 % - 0.3 1.3 -4.7 3091 0.4 1.5 -5.5 2848
Crude fat 1.4 1.6 % - 0.2 0.7 -2.3 2492 0.2 0.8 -2.6 2298
Ash 1.5 1.7 % - 0.1 1 -2.7 2799 0.2 1.1 -3.1 2566
Insoluble ash 0.05 0.05 % - 0.05 0 -0.1 21 0.06 0 -0.2 20
NDF 12.9 14.9 % - 1.5 9.2 -17.2 314 1.7 10.1 -19.5 221
ADF 3.3 3.8 % - 0.4 2.2 -5 313 0.5 2.5 -5.6 220
Lignin 1.1 1.2 % - 0.2 0.6 -1.8 306 0.3 0.6 -2.1 216
Water insoluble cell walls 10 11.5 % - 0.9 7.6 -12.4 239 1 9.3 -15 215
Starch 60.1 69.1 % - 1.6 53 -65.3 11130 1.5 54.7 -75.3 9668
Total sugars 2.6 3 % - 0.6 1.1 -4.7 241 0.7 1.2 -5.5 151
Gross energy (kcal) 3790 4360 kcal/kg - 80 3610 -4210 121 70 3970 -4660 404
Gross energy (MJ) 15.8 18.2 MJ/kg - 0.3 15.1 -17.6 121 0.3 16.6 -19.5 404
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.6 0.7 g/kg - 0.2 0.2 -1.5 174 0.2 0.2 -1.7 123
Phosphorus 3.1 3.5 g/kg - 0.3 2.1 -4.2 449 0.4 2.4 -4.8 324
Phytate phosphorus 2 2.3 g/kg 65 % P 0.4 1.7 -3.4 38 0.5 0.9 -3.9 113 11 32-98 114
Magnesium 1 1.1 g/kg - 0.2 0.6 -1.8 48 0.2 0.7 -1.9 71
Potassium 3.8 4.4 g/kg - 0.4 2.8 -5.1 127 0.5 3.2 -5.6 91
Sodium 0.04 0.05 g/kg - 0.07 0 -0.38 272 0.08 0 -0.44 228
Chlorine 0.7 0.9 g/kg - 0.2 0.3 -1.4 205 0.2 0.3 -1.6 103
Sulfur 1.5 1.7 g/kg - 0.1 1.2 -1.7 10 0.1 1.4 -1.9 10
Dietary cation-anion difference -16 -18 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 79 91 mEq/kg -
Manganese 30 35 mg/kg - 12 12 -55 50 13 14 -69 67
Zinc 27 31 mg/kg - 8 17 -46 32 10 9 -52 47
Copper 4 5 mg/kg - 1 2 -8 31 1 3 -9 37
Iron 49 56 mg/kg - 104 18 -139 45 120 20 -607 23
Selenium 0.1 0.1 mg/kg - 1 0.7 0.01 -3 17
Cobalt 0.02 0.02 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.5 0.5 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.06 0.07 mg/kg - 1 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.1 % FA 1
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.8 2.1 g/kg 17.8 % FA 0.4 1.6 -3.3 11 0.5 1.8 -3.7 10 0.9 15.5-18.3 9
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.04 0.05 g/kg 0.4 % FA 1 1
C18:0 stearic acid 0.08 0.09 g/kg 0.8 % FA 0.03 0.08 -0.2 9 0.03 0.09 -0.2 9 0.07 0.7-0.9 8
C18:1 oleic acid 1.6 1.8 g/kg 15.2 % FA 0.5 1.3 -3.1 11 0.6 1.5 -3.4 10
C18:2 linoleic acid 5.8 6.6 g/kg 56.4 % FA 1.2 5.3 -9.7 11 1.3 6 -10.8 10
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.6 0.7 g/kg 5.9 % FA 0.2 0.5 -1 11 0.2 0.5 -1.2 10 1 5.4-8.5 9
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.1 0.2 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Fatty acids 1 1.2 g/kg 75 % fat 2 71-76 7
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0.2 0.2 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 15 18 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B1 thiamin 4 5 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 1 1 mg/kg - 1 0.9 -1 2
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 3 4 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 54 62 mg/kg - 1
Pantothenic acid 11 12 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.5 0.5 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.09 0.1 mg/kg - 0.01 0.09 -0.1 6 0.02 0.08 -0.1 7
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg - 1 1
Choline 921 1060 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Viscosity, real applied - 2.4 mL/g 0.6 1.3-3.8 46
Phytase activity 690 790 IU/kg - 220 270 -1660 171 250 310 -1920 166
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.03 1.19 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.05 1.21 per kg -
PDIA Systali 24 28 g/kg -
PDI Systali 77 89 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -12 -13 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.133 0.153 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2710 3120 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1820 2090 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1840 2120 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 11.3 13 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 7.6 8.8 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 7.7 8.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 86.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 84.3 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 76 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 90 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 77 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.4 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.4 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.05 1.21 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.07 1.23 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 21 24 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 75 86 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -10 -12 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1 1.15 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.01 1.16 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 30 34 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 81 93 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -15 -18 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.02 1.17 per kg - 0.04 0.04 1.15 -1.27 16
UFV INRA 2007 1.02 1.18 per kg - 0.05 0.05 1.14 -1.3 16
PDIA INRA 2007 27 31 g/kg - 1 6 27 -45 9
PDIN INRA 2007 73 84 g/kg - 1
PDIE INRA 2007 90 104 g/kg - 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2710 3120 kcal/kg - 190 210 2800 -3560 32
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.3 13 MJ/kg - 0.8 0.9 11.7 -14.9 32
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 88.1 % 3.7 79.6-95.7 33
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85.6 % 4.2 75.9-94.1 32
N digestibility ruminants - 70.4 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 92 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 76 % 8 58-86 13
Immediately degradable N (a) - 27 % 10-33 4
Potentially degradable N (b) - 67 % 57-90 4
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.16 h-1 0.05-0.187 4
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 94 % 1
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 58 % 1
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 42 % 1
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.39 h-1 1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 % 14 49-84 6
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 52 % 21 11-66 5
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 42 % 22 29-84 5
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.12 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 61.4 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.2 2.6 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.3 0.4 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.6 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3280 3780 kcal/kg - 100 3050 -3520 33 100 3550 -4090 52
ME growing pig (kcal) 3180 3660 kcal/kg - 3160 -3250 4 3620 -3720 4
NE growing pig (kcal) 2490 2860 kcal/kg - 1 1
DE adult pig (kcal) 3350 3850 kcal/kg - 1 3790 -4060 4
ME adult pig (kcal) 3230 3720 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2520 2900 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 13.7 15.8 MJ/kg - 0.4 12.8 -14.7 33 0.4 14.9 -17.1 52
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.3 15.3 MJ/kg - 13.2 -13.6 4 15.1 -15.6 4
NE growing pig (MJ) 10.4 12 MJ/kg - 1 1
DE adult pig (MJ) 14 16.1 MJ/kg - 1 15.9 -17 4
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.5 15.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10.5 12.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 86.7 % 1.9 80.6-92.4 43
Energy digestibility adult pig - 88.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 89.3 % 0.7 89-91.4 17
OM digestibility adult pig - 91 %
N digestibility growing pig - 83.1 % 3.2 77.7-92 34
N digestibility adult pig - 86.7 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 88 % 2.5 83-92 22
Crude fat digestibility pig - 18.5 % 16-47.6 3
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.9 1.1 g/kg 30 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 1.4 1.6 g/kg 45 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2980 3430 kcal/kg - 220 2550 -3180 12 250 2950 -3760 17
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2860 3290 kcal/kg - 120 2770 -3170 17 120 2980 -3520 75
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 12.5 14.3 MJ/kg - 0.9 10.7 -13.3 12 1 12.4 -15.7 17
AMEn broiler (MJ) 12 13.8 MJ/kg - 0.5 11.6 -13.3 17 0.5 12.5 -14.7 75
Available P broiler 1.8 2.1 g/kg 58 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 89 %
Energy digestibility horse - 85.4 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.07 1.23 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 77 89 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3140 3620 kcal/kg - 3080 -3340 3 3560 -3720 3
ME rabbit (kcal) 3040 3490 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13.2 15.1 MJ/kg - 12.9 -14 3 14.9 -15.6 3
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.7 14.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 83.1 % 79.2-83.5 3
N digestibility rabbit - 73.6 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3030 3480 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids, extruded (kcal) 2630 3020 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 12.7 14.6 MJ/kg -
DE salmonids, extruded (MJ) 11 12.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 80 %
Energy digestibility salmonids, extruded - 69.4 %
N digestibility salmonids - 90 %
N digestibility salmonids, extruded - 85.8 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 3.1 3.6 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 0.3 2.6 -4.7 177 0.4 3 -5 105 0.2 2.3-3.6 216
Threonine 3.3 3.8 g/kg 3 g/16g N 0.5 2.4 -4.9 177 0.5 3.1 -5.4 65 0.2 2.5-3.4 175
Methionine 1.8 2 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 0.3 1 -2.4 174 0.3 1.1 -2.6 61 0.1 1-1.9 171
Cystine 2.5 2.8 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 0.3 1.8 -3.4 146 0.3 2.3 -3.6 34 0.1 1.9-2.4 144
Methionine + cystine 4.2 4.8 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 0.8 3.1 -7.4 147 0.9 3.9 -8.3 35 0.2 3.3-5.2 145
Tryptophan 1.3 1.5 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 0.2 1 -1.8 137 0.2 1.1 -1.9 29 0.1 1-1.5 138
Isoleucine 3.9 4.5 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.7 2.8 -6.3 174 0.8 3.5 -7 62 0.2 2.8-4.2 172
Valine 4.8 5.6 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 0.7 3.6 -7.2 174 0.8 4.3 -7.7 62 0.2 3.6-5 172
Leucine 7.4 8.5 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 1.1 5.6 -11.3 176 1.2 7 -12.1 64 0.3 5.6-7.7 174
Phenylalanine 5.1 5.9 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 0.9 3.3 -8.4 175 1.1 3.8 -9.3 63 0.2 3.6-5.2 173
Tyrosine 3.4 3.9 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 0.7 1.9 -5 134 0.8 2.1 -5.4 31 0.2 1.8-3.1 134
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 8 9.2 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 1 5.8 -10.6 105 0.2 6.6-7.7 105
Histidine 2.5 2.9 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 0.4 1.9 -4.2 177 0.5 2.3 -4.5 65 0.2 1.8-2.8 175
Arginine 5.5 6.3 g/kg 5 g/16g N 0.8 4.1 -8.2 177 0.9 4.6 -9.1 65 0.3 3.8-5.8 175
Alanine 4 4.6 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.5 3.2 -5.6 174 0.5 3.9 -6 62 0.2 2.9-4.1 172
Aspartic acid 5.7 6.5 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 0.7 4.5 -8 175 0.8 5.4 -8.8 63 0.3 4.4-6 173
Glutamic acid 31.4 36.2 g/kg 28.8 g/16g N 6.4 21.7 -55.9 170 7.4 28.7 -60.6 59 1.9 22.5-34.3 168
Glycine 4.5 5.2 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 0.6 3.5 -6.6 174 0.7 4.3 -7.1 62 0.2 3.3-4.8 172
Serine 5.4 6.2 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1.1 3.7 -9.4 175 1.2 4.3 -10.1 63 0.4 3.1-6 173
Proline 10.9 12.5 g/kg 10 g/16g N 1.6 6.9 -15.4 148 1.8 9.1 -16.4 37 0.6 7.8-10.6 146
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.9 g/kg 81 % 2.4 -2.9 3 2.8 -3.3 3 4 71-89 21
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 3.2 g/kg 83 % 2.4 -3.1 3 2.8 -3.5 3 5 69-91 23
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.6 1.8 g/kg 89 % 1.5 -2 3 1.7 -2.3 3 2 83-92 17
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.2 2.6 g/kg 91 % 2 -2.9 3 2.2 -3.3 3 2 85-93 17
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4.3 g/kg 90 % 3.5 -4.9 3 3.9 -5.6 3 2 86-92 16
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.2 1.3 g/kg 88 % 3 83-92 12
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 3.5 4 g/kg 89 % 3 81-91 22
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 4.1 4.8 g/kg 86 % 4.1 -5.3 3 4.7 -6 3 4 75-92 21
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 6.6 7.6 g/kg 90 % 7.6 -9.3 3 2 82-92 21
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.4 g/kg 91 % 4.3 -5.7 3 4.9 -6.5 3 2 88-93 17
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.5 g/kg 90 % 2.7 -3.4 3 3.1 -3.9 3 2 86-93 17
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7.2 8.3 g/kg 91 % 7.1 -9.1 3 8.1 -10.4 3 2 87-93 16
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 2.2 2.6 g/kg 90 % 2.1 -2.8 3 2.4 -3.1 3 2 85-92 16
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 4.8 5.6 g/kg 88 % 4.1 -5.8 3 4.7 -6.6 3 3 81-94 21
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.2 3.6 g/kg 80 % 2.9 -3.8 3 3.3 -4.3 3 4 75-90 22
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.4 g/kg 83 % 4.2 -5.4 3 4.9 -6.2 3 4 72-87 20
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 30 34.5 g/kg 95 % 28 -39.1 3 32.2 -44.5 3 1 91-97 22
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 3.9 4.4 g/kg 86 % 3.2 -4.5 3 3.7 -5.1 3 4 76-90 16
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 4.8 5.6 g/kg 89 % 4.2 -5.5 3 4.9 -6.3 3 3 80-93 22
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 10.4 11.9 g/kg 95 % 9.2 -12 3 10.6 -13.7 3 1 94-96 5
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 3 g/kg 82 % 3 77-84 6
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 3.1 g/kg 82 % 5 74-85 6
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.8 g/kg 89 % 6 78-92 6
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.4 g/kg 85 % 4 80-92 6
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 4.2 g/kg 87 % 4 81-92 5
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.3 g/kg 87 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.5 4 g/kg 89 % 5 77-91 6
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.8 g/kg 87 % 2 82-88 6
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.6 7.6 g/kg 89 % 2 87-91 6
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.6 5.3 g/kg 90 % 5 86-99 6
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.3 g/kg 85 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 7 8.1 g/kg 88 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.4 g/kg 83 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.6 5.3 g/kg 83 % 2 79-85 6
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.7 g/kg 82 % 4 74-84 5
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 4.7 5.4 g/kg 82 % 9 62-84 5
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 29.9 34.4 g/kg 95 % 1 93-97 5
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 4.3 g/kg 84 % 2 79-84 5
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.8 5.5 g/kg 88 % 4 80-89 6
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 10.2 11.8 g/kg 94 % 93-96 4
Origin Great Britain, conventional farming, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.62 3.01 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 1.44 1.65 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 478 551 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0137 0.0157 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 3.74 4.3 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.34 1.54 m²yr/kg -
Origin Great Britain, conventional farming, ex port of delivery (Le Havre, France)
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 3.52 4.05 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 1.44 1.65 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 537 618 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0141 0.0162 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 3.78 4.35 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.35 1.55 m²yr/kg -
Origin Great Britain, conventional farming, ex storage agency
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 3.03 3.49 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 1.44 1.65 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 507 583 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0139 0.016 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 3.75 4.32 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.35 1.55 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.44 2.81 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 2.75 3.17 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 403 463 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0102 0.0118 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 3.91 4.5 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.33 1.53 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, ex storage agency
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.64 3.04 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 2.75 3.17 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 412 474 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0103 0.0119 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 3.92 4.51 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.33 1.53 m²yr/kg -
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