Faba bean, coloured flowers

Seed of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) from high-tannin, coloured-flowered varieties. Other names: horse bean, field bean.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 86.6 100 % - 3.4 79.5 -92.5 149 3.2
Crude protein 25.5 29.5 % - 2.2 19.7 -30.1 155 2.4 23.3 -36.9 181
Crude fibre 7.8 9 % - 1.1 5 -10.6 136 1.2 6.3 -12.2 150
Crude fat 1.3 1.5 % - 0.3 0.7 -2 110 0.3 0.8 -2.4 123
Ash 3.3 3.8 % - 0.4 2.5 -4.2 110 0.4 3 -4.7 123
NDF 13.4 15.5 % - 2.5 10.2 -20.8 77 2.9 10 -23.8 99
ADF 9.7 11.2 % - 1 7 -12.2 79 1.1 7.6 -13.9 113
Lignin 0.8 0.9 % - 0.5 0.05 -2.3 58 0.6 0.06 -2.6 77
Water insoluble cell walls 15.9 18.4 % - 1.2 14.4 -17.8 13 1.3 16.9 -20.6 15
Starch 38.3 44.2 % - 2.5 31.7 -42.9 115 2.8 36.2 -51.3 112
Total sugars 3 3.4 % - 0.8 2.2 -5 14 0.9 2.5 -5.8 14
Gross energy (kcal) 3880 4480 kcal/kg - 110 3670 -4000 64 70 3970 -4570 78
Gross energy (MJ) 16.2 18.7 MJ/kg - 0.5 15.4 -16.8 64 0.3 16.6 -19.1 78
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.3 1.5 g/kg - 0.5 0.5 -2.6 15 0.6 0.6 -2.9 24
Phosphorus 4.8 5.5 g/kg - 0.6 3.6 -6 24 0.7 3.8 -6.8 29
Phytate phosphorus 2.9 3.3 g/kg 60 % P 0.8 0.8 -3.2 8 0.9 0.9 -3.8 8 18 16-73 8
Magnesium 1.6 1.9 g/kg - 0.3 1.4 -2.3 14
Potassium 10.1 11.6 g/kg - 1 1.1 9.5 -13.7 13
Sodium 0.11 0.12 g/kg - 1 0.11 0.09 -0.5 13
Chlorine 0.7 0.8 g/kg -
Sulfur 2.4 2.7 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 95 110 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 243 280 mEq/kg -
Manganese 7 8 mg/kg - 1 2 6 -14 13
Zinc 31 36 mg/kg - 1 7 27 -47 13
Copper 12 14 mg/kg - 1 3 9 -18 13
Iron 59 68 mg/kg - 1 1
Selenium 0.02 0.02 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.3 0.4 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.04 0.05 g/kg 0.4 % FA 1 1 1
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.8 2.1 g/kg 16.9 % FA 0.2 1.4 -2.7 27 0.3 1.7 -2.4 6 2.3 12.6-21 27
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 2.6 % FA 0.06 0.2 -0.4 27 0.07 0.3 -0.5 6 0.5 1.7-3.7 27
C18:1 oleic acid 2.7 3.2 g/kg 26 % FA 0.8 1.5 -4.4 27 0.9 2.3 -4.8 6 5.8 15-36.5 27
C18:2 linoleic acid 5.2 6 g/kg 49.6 % FA 1.5 3.5 -7.4 27 1.7 3.9 -8.6 6 6.3 30.8-59.7 27
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 3.5 % FA 0.07 0.3 -0.5 27 0.08 0.4 -0.6 6 0.6 2.6-4.9 27
Fatty acids 1.1 1.2 g/kg 80 % fat 1 1
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 5 6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 5 6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 3 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 25 29 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 3 3 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Choline 1662 1920 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.09 1.26 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.11 1.28 per kg -
PDIA Systali 47 54 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 97 112 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 111 129 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.151 0.175 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2830 3270 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1910 2210 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1950 2260 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 11.9 13.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8 9.2 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.2 9.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 89.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 88.5 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 79 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 74 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 75 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.5 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.5 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.1 1.28 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.13 1.31 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 39 45 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 91 105 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 117 135 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.05 1.21 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.06 1.23 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 59 68 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 108 124 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 101 116 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.04 1.2 per kg - 1 0.05 1.12 -1.28 13
UFV INRA 2007 1.04 1.21 per kg - 1 0.06 1.11 -1.3 13
PDIA INRA 2007 46 53 g/kg - 1 19 15 -61 8
PDIN INRA 2007 163 188 g/kg - 1 13 152 -191 8
PDIE INRA 2007 98 113 g/kg - 1 17 94 -134 8
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2770 3200 kcal/kg - 190 210 2730 -3590 24
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.6 13.4 MJ/kg - 0.8 0.9 11.4 -15 24
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91.1 % 3.7 81.7-99.6 25
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 89.9 % 4.2 79.1-98.6 25
N digestibility ruminants - 79.1 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 89 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 88 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 82 % 8 73-93 8
Immediately degradable N (a) - 51 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 47 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.115 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 75 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 37 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 63 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.09 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 77 % 1
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 52 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 43 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.085 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 62 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.5 4 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.7 0.8 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.4 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.5 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3220 3720 kcal/kg - 180 2760 -3410 28 180 3300 -3910 30
ME growing pig (kcal) 3040 3510 kcal/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (kcal) 2160 2500 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3310 3820 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3110 3590 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2200 2540 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 13.5 15.6 MJ/kg - 0.7 11.6 -14.3 28 0.8 13.8 -16.4 30
ME growing pig (MJ) 12.7 14.7 MJ/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (MJ) 9 10.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 13.8 16 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 13 15 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.2 10.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 83 % 4.3 73.2-88.2 29
Energy digestibility adult pig - 85.3 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 85 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 87 %
N digestibility growing pig - 81 % 3.9 69.1-87.1 29
N digestibility adult pig - 83.1 % 1
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 80 % 1.8 77.6-82.5 9
Crude fat digestibility pig - 15.6 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.8 2 g/kg 37 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel, ground (kcal) 2320 2680 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (kcal) 2440 2820 kcal/kg - 1 2820 -2990 4
AMEn broiler, ground (kcal) 2260 2610 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (kcal) 2390 2760 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn cockerel, ground (MJ) 9.7 11.2 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (MJ) 10.2 11.8 MJ/kg - 1 11.8 -12.5 4
AMEn broiler, ground (MJ) 9.5 10.9 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (MJ) 10 11.5 MJ/kg - 1 1
Available P broiler 1.1 1.3 g/kg 23 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 87 %
Energy digestibility horse - 83.5 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.97 1.12 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 197 228 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2940 3400 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2660 3070 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 12.3 14.2 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 11.1 12.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 75.9 %
N digestibility rabbit - 90.6 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 16.6 19.2 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 1.3 14.3 -18.8 30 1.4 16.2 -21.6 33 0.3 5.7-6.8 34
Threonine 9.1 10.5 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.9 7.6 -11 25 1 8.6 -12.8 30 0.2 3-4 30
Methionine 1.8 2.1 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N 0.3 1.4 -2.5 26 0.3 1.7 -2.9 31 0.1 0.5-0.9 31
Cystine 3.2 3.7 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 0.4 2.4 -4 26 0.5 2.8 -4.6 31 0.2 1-1.6 31
Methionine + cystine 5.1 5.8 g/kg 2 g/16g N 0.6 4.1 -6.3 25 0.7 4.8 -7.3 30 0.2 1.6-2.5 30
Tryptophan 2.1 2.4 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N 0.3 1.7 -2.5 14 0.3 2 -3.1 19 0.09 0.7-1 19
Isoleucine 10.4 12 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.2 8.5 -13.4 25 1.4 9.6 -15.4 25 0.3 3.4-4.5 25
Valine 11.5 13.3 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1.5 9.8 -14.4 24 1.8 10.9 -16.6 24 0.4 3.8-5.5 24
Leucine 19.4 22.4 g/kg 7.6 g/16g N 1.9 15.6 -21.8 25 2.1 17.2 -25.1 25 0.4 6.4-7.9 25
Phenylalanine 10.7 12.4 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1.1 8.6 -12.6 22 1.3 9.3 -14.5 22 0.2 3.6-4.4 22
Tyrosine 8.1 9.4 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1.6 4.4 -10.2 13 1.9 5.2 -11.8 13 0.5 1.6-3.4 13
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 18.8 21.7 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N
Histidine 6.5 7.5 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 0.8 5.6 -8.4 16 0.9 6.3 -9.7 16 0.2 2.3-2.9 16
Arginine 24.2 27.9 g/kg 9.5 g/16g N 3.5 17.3 -30.2 25 4 20 -34.8 25 0.8 7.6-10.5 25
Alanine 10.6 12.2 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1 8.7 -12 23 1.2 10 -13.8 23 0.3 3.3-4.6 23
Aspartic acid 30.5 35.2 g/kg 12 g/16g N 3 16.4 -31.2 24 3.4 19.1 -35.9 24
Glutamic acid 44.9 51.9 g/kg 17.6 g/16g N 4.8 34.3 -48 24 5.5 39.4 -56.8 24 1.3 14.7-18.8 24
Glycine 11 12.7 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 9.3 -12.3 24 1.2 10.6 -14.1 24 0.2 3.7-4.6 24
Serine 12.9 14.9 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1 10.2 -14 24 1.1 11.6 -16.3 24 0.2 4.2-5.1 24
Proline 10.5 12.2 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.2 8.3 -11.8 13 1.4 9.5 -13.7 13 0.3 3.7-4.5 13
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 14.1 16.2 g/kg 85 % 1 1 4 79-92 10
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 7.3 8.4 g/kg 80 % 1 1 5 76-95 10
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.7 g/kg 80 % 1 1 7 78-103 10
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.7 g/kg 73 % 1 1 8 65-91 10
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4.4 g/kg 75 % 1 1 4 71-83 6
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.7 g/kg 70 % 5 66-76 6
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 8.5 9.9 g/kg 82 % 1 1 3 77-87 10
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 9.1 10.5 g/kg 79 % 1 1 3 76-86 10
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 16.3 18.8 g/kg 84 % 1 1 3 79-90 10
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 8.9 10.3 g/kg 83 % 1 1 4 78-91 10
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6.5 7.5 g/kg 81 % 1 1 8 70-101 10
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 15.4 17.8 g/kg 82 % 1 1
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 5.5 6.3 g/kg 85 % 1 1 2 80-88 10
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 21.4 24.8 g/kg 89 % 1 1 2 85-93 10
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 8.3 9.6 g/kg 78 % 1 1 5 73-91 9
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 25.9 29.9 g/kg 85 % 1 1 3 81-92 10
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 39.1 45.2 g/kg 87 % 1 1 2 85-92 10
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 8.2 9.5 g/kg 74 % 1 1 5 70-89 10
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 10.6 12.2 g/kg 82 % 1 1 2 78-86 10
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 9 g/kg 74 % 1 1 71-78 3
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.3 16.5 g/kg 86 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.1 8.2 g/kg 78 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.8 g/kg 87 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 2.7 g/kg 72 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.5 g/kg 77 % 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.4 1.6 g/kg 66 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.3 9.6 g/kg 80 % 1
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.1 10.5 g/kg 79 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.5 17.9 g/kg 80 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.7 10 g/kg 81 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.6 7.7 g/kg 82 % 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.3 17.7 g/kg 81 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.1 5.9 g/kg 79 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 21 24.3 g/kg 87 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.3 10.7 g/kg 88 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 26.6 30.7 g/kg 87 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 40.4 46.7 g/kg 90 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 9 10.4 g/kg 82 % 1
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 11 12.7 g/kg 85 % 1
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 8 9.2 g/kg 76 %
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