Canola meal, oil < 5%

By-product of the manufacture of rapeseed oil, obtained by solvent extraction of rapeseeds of Canola type.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.4 100 % - 2.1 87.4 -97.7 68 3.3
Crude protein 37 41 % - 2.2 34 -45 72 2.3 38 -49.1 106
Crude fibre 11.5 12.7 % - 1.7 7.6 -14.7 28 1.8 8.3 -15.9 33
Crude fat 3.2 3.6 % - 0.9 1 -5 35 1 1.2 -5.5 72
Ash 7 7.8 % - 0.7 5.5 -8.4 26 0.7 6.3 -10.1 50
Insoluble ash 0.3 0.3 % - 1 1
NDF 25.1 27.8 % - 4.2 18.9 -39 21 4.6 21.2 -45.4 53
ADF 16.4 18.2 % - 2.2 9.2 -19.1 22 2.4 10.4 -23.1 54
Lignin 7.4 8.2 % - 1.4 3.1 -9 3 1.6 3.5 -10.1 15
Water insoluble cell walls 29.8 33 % -
Starch 6.8 7.5 % - 1 7.4 -7.7 2
Starch, enzymatic method 1.4 1.6 % -
Total sugars 9.5 10.5 % - 1 1
Gross energy (kcal) 4250 4700 kcal/kg - 200 3910 -4650 25 190 4350 -5010 31
Gross energy (MJ) 17.8 19.7 MJ/kg - 0.8 16.4 -19.5 25 0.8 18.2 -21 31
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 6.6 7.3 g/kg - 1.4 5.2 -13.3 17 1.6 5.7 -14.4 33
Phosphorus 10.7 11.8 g/kg - 0.9 8.7 -13 17 1 9.5 -14.2 41
Phytate phosphorus 6.4 7.1 g/kg 60 % P 1 0.7 6.4 -8.6 8 9 54-86 13
Magnesium 5.2 5.7 g/kg - 0.4 4.9 -6.6 19
Potassium 12.6 14 g/kg - 0.9 12 -16.4 18
Sodium 0.4 0.45 g/kg - 0.12 0.09 -0.55 3 0.13 0.1 -0.61 13
Chlorine 0.6 0.7 g/kg - 0.2 0.2 0.3 -0.8 10
Sulfur 7.6 8.4 g/kg - 1.7 6.9 -13.2 19
Dietary cation-anion difference -150 -166 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 325 360 mEq/kg -
Manganese 52 57 mg/kg - 4 44 -62 2 4 49 -68 18
Zinc 60 67 mg/kg - 7 60 -66 2 8 56 -81 18
Copper 5 5 mg/kg - 1 3 -8 18
Iron 182 201 mg/kg - 44 134 -240 2 49 116 -295 18
Selenium 1 1 mg/kg - 0.4 0.4 0.9 -2 6
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg - 1 1
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg - 0.4 0.5 1 -3 16
Iodine 0 0 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0.02 % FA 0.04 0-0.1 46
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.03 % FA 0.05 0-0.2 61
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.2 1.3 g/kg 4.7 % FA 0.9 3.9-11.5 78
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.05 0.05 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.09 0-0.4 63
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 1.6 % FA 0.3 1.4-3.6 78
C18:1 oleic acid 15.6 17.3 g/kg 60.4 % FA 2.7 43.6-64.2 78
C18:2 linoleic acid 5.2 5.7 g/kg 20 % FA 1.4 17.3-24.9 81
C18:3 linolenic acid 2.4 2.6 g/kg 9.2 % FA 1.9 1.2-12.5 77
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.8 % FA 0.9 0-4.6 70
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.5 0.6 g/kg 2 % FA 1.9 0-9.1 63
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0.03 0.04 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.8 0-4.7 37
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0.02 0-0.1 37
C22:0 behenic acid 0.08 0.09 g/kg 0.3 % FA 1 1 0.09 0-0.5 55
C22:1 erucic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.4 % FA 0.4 0-1.5 51
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0 0-0 37
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.1 0-0.3 37
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.08 % FA 0.05 0-0.2 39
Fatty acids 2.6 2.9 % 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 13.9 15.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 3.5 3.9 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 3.8 4.2 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 10.7 11.9 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 169 187 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 9.3 10.3 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.8 0.9 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.9 1 mg/kg -
Choline 6666 7374 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 10 10 IU/kg - 1
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.94 1.04 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.91 1 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 108 120 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 154 171 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 148 164 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.289 0.32 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2580 2850 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1660 1840 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1600 1770 kcal/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 76.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 76.2 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 63 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 60 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.6 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.7 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.97 1.07 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.94 1.04 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 92 102 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 140 155 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 166 184 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.9 0.99 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.86 0.95 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 130 144 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 175 194 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 123 136 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.9 1 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.85 0.94 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 130 144 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 248 275 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 174 192 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2510 2780 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.5 11.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 78 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 77.5 %
N digestibility ruminants - 77.8 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 79 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 % 13 30-75 10
Immediately degradable N (a) - 11 % 7 2-18 6
Potentially degradable N (b) - 86 % 7 80-98 6
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.081 h-1 0.06 0.02-0.17 6
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 59 % 9 38-69 10
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 19 % 9 8-27 6
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 70 % 12 59-88 6
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.077 h-1 0.046 0.018-0.14 6
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 71.9 %
Absorbable P ruminants 7.6 8.4 g/kg 71 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 3.6 4 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.5 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 900 995 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 933 1032 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 158 175 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 137 152 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 4.5 5 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.6 1.8 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 62.6 69.3 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.13 3.46 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.58 1.75 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.49 1.65 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.71 1.9 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.14 1.26 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 37 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 44 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 6.4 7 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 249 276 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 19 21 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3090 3410 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 2840 3150 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1790 1980 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3260 3610 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2980 3300 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1890 2090 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 12.9 14.3 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 11.9 13.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.5 8.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 13.7 15.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 12.5 13.8 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.9 8.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 72.6 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 76.8 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 74.6 % 1
OM digestibility adult pig - 78.9 %
N digestibility growing pig - 81 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 83.9 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 79 % 2.3 71.6-79.2 16
Crude fat digestibility pig - 46.8 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 3.4 3.8 g/kg 32 % 1
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 5.2 5.7 g/kg 48 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1750 1930 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1680 1860 kcal/kg - 180 1610 -2010 7 200 1590 -2300 15
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 7.3 8.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 7 7.8 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 2.7 3 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 2.7 3 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 78 %
Energy digestibility horse - 75 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.84 0.92 per kg -