Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded

Extruded seed of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) from high-tannin, coloured-flowered varieties. Other names: horse bean, field bean.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 86.6 100 % -
Crude protein 25.5 29.5 % -
Crude fibre 7.8 9 % -
Crude fat 1.3 1.5 % -
Ash 3.3 3.8 % -
NDF 13.4 15.5 % -
ADF 9.7 11.2 % -
Lignin 0.8 0.9 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 15.9 18.4 % -
Starch 38.3 44.2 % -
Total sugars 3 3.4 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 3880 4480 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 16.2 18.7 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.3 1.5 g/kg -
Phosphorus 4.8 5.5 g/kg -
Phytate phosphorus 2.9 3.3 g/kg 60 % P
Magnesium 1.6 1.9 g/kg -
Potassium 10.1 11.6 g/kg -
Sodium 0.11 0.12 g/kg -
Chlorine 0.7 0.8 g/kg -
Sulfur 2.4 2.7 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 95 110 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 243 280 mEq/kg -
Manganese 7 8 mg/kg -
Zinc 31 36 mg/kg -
Copper 12 14 mg/kg -
Iron 59 68 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.02 0.02 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.3 0.4 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.04 0.05 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.8 2.1 g/kg 16.9 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 2.6 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 2.7 3.2 g/kg 26 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 5.2 6 g/kg 49.6 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 3.5 % FA
Fatty acids 1.1 1.2 g/kg 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 5 6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 5 6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 3 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 25 29 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 3 3 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Choline 1662 1920 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.09 1.26 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.11 1.28 per kg -
PDIA Systali 86 99 g/kg -
PDI Systali 134 154 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 81 93 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.203 0.235 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2830 3270 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1910 2210 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1950 2260 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 11.9 13.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 8 9.2 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.2 9.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 89.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 88.5 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 66 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 70 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 68 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 7.3 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.6 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.4 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 6.4 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.1 1.28 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.13 1.31 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 72 84 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 123 142 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 91 105 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.05 1.21 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.06 1.23 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 103 119 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 149 172 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 67 77 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.04 1.2 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.04 1.21 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 97 112 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 187 216 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 146 169 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2770 3200 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.6 13.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 89.9 %
N digestibility ruminants - 79.1 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 98 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 88 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 65 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 28 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 71 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.065 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 63 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 70 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 41 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 53 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.071 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 62 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.5 4 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.7 0.8 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.3 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.3 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.1 % PDIE
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Available P broiler 1.1 1.3 g/kg 23 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 87 %
Energy digestibility horse - 83.5 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.97 1.12 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 197 228 g/kg -
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 16.6 19.2 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N
Threonine 9.1 10.5 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Methionine 1.8 2.1 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N
Cystine 3.2 3.7 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 5.1 5.8 g/kg 2 g/16g N
Tryptophan 2.1 2.4 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N
Isoleucine 10.4 12 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N
Valine 11.5 13.3 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N
Leucine 19.4 22.4 g/kg 7.6 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 10.7 12.4 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N
Tyrosine 8.1 9.4 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 18.8 21.7 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N
Histidine 6.5 7.5 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N
Arginine 24.2 27.9 g/kg 9.5 g/16g N
Alanine 10.6 12.2 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 30.5 35.2 g/kg 12 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 44.9 51.9 g/kg 17.6 g/16g N
Glycine 11 12.7 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Serine 12.9 14.9 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Proline 10.5 12.2 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N
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