Common bean

Seed of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Common beans are normally used for human food but can occasionally be fed to livestock. The common bean is known under many names (kidney bean, French bean, navy bean...), depending on the variety.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88.9 100 % - 4.3 82.9 -95.3 60 4
Crude protein 22 24.8 % - 1.8 17 -25.7 60 1.8 19 -29 63
Crude fibre 4.6 5.2 % - 1 2.6 -7.1 41 1.1 2.8 -8 43
Crude fat 1.5 1.7 % - 0.4 0.8 -2.7 48 0.5 0.9 -3 50
Ash 4.2 4.7 % - 1 3.4 -8.4 49 1.1 3.9 -10.1 51
NDF 17.8 20 % - 4 14.2 -23 6 4.4 16.1 -25.8 6
ADF 6.7 7.6 % - 1.3 4.6 -8.8 8 1.5 4.8 -9.9 8
Lignin 0.2 0.2 % - 0.09 -0.3 4 0.1 -0.3 4
Water insoluble cell walls 13.4 15.1 % -
Starch 36.9 41.4 % - 5.2 20.1 -42 27 5.7 22.8 -49 26
Total sugars 4.3 4.9 % - 0.6 2.6 -5.1 18 0.7 3.1 -5.7 18
Gross energy (kcal) 3860 4350 kcal/kg - 1 1
Gross energy (MJ) 16.2 18.2 MJ/kg - 1 1
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.2 2.4 g/kg - 0.9 1.1 -4.2 18 1.1 1.2 -5.1 19
Phosphorus 4.3 4.9 g/kg - 0.9 1.9 -5.6 18 1 2.1 -6.3 19
Phytate phosphorus 1.4 1.6 g/kg 33 % P 1 1
Magnesium 2 2.2 g/kg - 0.3 1.6 -2.6 6 0.4 1.8 -2.8 6
Potassium 15.1 16.9 g/kg - 1.4 14 -17.4 5 1.5 15.4 -19.2 5
Sodium 0.02 0.03 g/kg - 0 -0.1 4 0 -0.11 4
Manganese 14 16 mg/kg - 1 1
Zinc 32 36 mg/kg - 1 1
Copper 8 9 mg/kg - 1 1
Iron 79 89 mg/kg - 1 1
Cobalt 0.01 0.01 mg/kg - 1 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.1 % FA 1 0 -0.03 2 0-0.2 2
C16:0 palmitic acid 2 2.2 g/kg 16 % FA 1 15.1-16.8 2
C18:0 stearic acid 0.8 0.9 g/kg 6.3 % FA 1 0.6 -2.3 2 3.5-9.1 2
C18:1 oleic acid 2.1 2.4 g/kg 16.8 % FA 1 2.3 -5 2 13.9-19.8 2
C18:2 linoleic acid 4 4.4 g/kg 31.8 % FA 1 20.6-43.1 2
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.8 2.1 g/kg 14.9 % FA 1 2 -4.4 2 12.4-17.3 2
Fatty acids 1.2 1.4 g/kg 82 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.1 1.24 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.13 1.27 per kg -
PDIA Systali 55 62 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 107 120 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 68 77 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.275 0.309 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2870 3230 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1940 2190 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1990 2240 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 12 13.5 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.1 9.1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.3 9.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 91 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 89.1 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 74 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 77 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 62 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.5 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.9 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.7 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.4 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.12 1.26 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.15 1.3 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 45 51 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 99 112 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 75 85 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.07 1.2 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.09 1.22 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 69 77 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 119 134 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 57 64 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.07 1.2 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.08 1.21 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 61 69 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 151 170 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 114 128 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2820 3180 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.8 13.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 92.3 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90.5 %
N digestibility ruminants - 78.4 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 95 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 88 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 74 % 1
Immediately degradable N (a) - 33 % 33-55 2
Potentially degradable N (b) - 67 % 45-67 2
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.093 h-1 0.091-0.093 2
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 79 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 46 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 54 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.095 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 59 % 59-76 3
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 17 % 17-50 3
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 79 % 48-82 3
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.069 h-1 0.066-0.072 3
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 64.2 %
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.2 1.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.4 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.7 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.5 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3210 3600 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3030 3410 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2190 2470 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3390 3810 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3180 3570 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2300 2580 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 13.4 15.1 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 12.7 14.3 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9.2 10.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.2 15.9 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.3 14.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.6 10.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 82.9 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 87.6 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 85.1 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 89 %
N digestibility growing pig - 89.7 %
N digestibility adult pig - 94.6 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 17.3 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.6 1.8 g/kg 38 % 1
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel, ground (kcal) 2280 2570 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (kcal) 2540 2860 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, ground (kcal) 2230 2500 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (kcal) 2480 2790 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel, ground (MJ) 9.6 10.7 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (MJ) 10.6 12 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler, ground (MJ) 9.3 10.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (MJ) 10.4 11.7 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 84 %
Energy digestibility horse - 80.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.92 1.04 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 172 193 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3070 3460 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2850 3210 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 12.9 14.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 11.9 13.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 79.5 %
N digestibility rabbit - 80.4 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 14.4 16.2 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 2.6 10 -17.9 10 2.8 10.8 -20.3 12 1.3 4-8.4 13
Threonine 9.3 10.5 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1.5 7.2 -12.3 10 1.7 8 -14 12 0.8 3.2-5.9 13
Methionine 3.3 3.7 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 1.5 1.5 -6.1 10 1.7 1.7 -6.6 12 0.7 0.3-2.5 13
Cystine 2.5 2.8 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N 2.5 -2.9 4 0.08 1-1.2 5
Methionine + cystine 5.7 6.4 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 5.2 -6.1 2 5.2 -6.9 4 0.5 1.4-2.6 5
Tryptophan 3.1 3.4 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.9 2.7 -5.3 5 1.1 2.7 -5.7 7 0.3 1.1-2.1 8
Isoleucine 9.8 11 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.6 7 -11.9 10 1.7 7.5 -13.4 12 0.9 2.8-5.9 13
Valine 11 12.4 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1.6 8.3 -13.1 10 1.8 8.9 -14.8 12 0.9 3.4-6.7 13
Leucine 17.3 19.4 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N 2.6 13.5 -21.3 10 2.8 14.7 -24.1 12 1.3 5.5-10 13
Phenylalanine 11.9 13.4 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N 2.2 7.8 -16 10 2.5 8.4 -18.1 12 1 3.6-7.1 13
Tyrosine 7.5 8.5 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 0.8 5.9 -8 9 0.9 6.5 -9.2 11 0.5 2.7-4.2 12
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 19.4 21.8 g/kg 8.8 g/16g N 2.4 14.5 -21.1 9 2.6 15.7 -24.4 11 1.4 6.8-11.1 12
Histidine 6.1 6.9 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 0.7 5 -7.3 9 0.7 5.5 -8.2 11 0.3 2.1-3.4 12
Arginine 14.1 15.8 g/kg 6.4 g/16g N 2.5 10.8 -19.4 10 2.8 11.7 -22 12 1.2 4.9-9.2 13
Alanine 8.8 9.9 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1.2 7.2 -10.5 9 1.3 8 -11.8 11 0.7 3-5.3 11
Aspartic acid 22.5 25.3 g/kg 10.2 g/16g N 4 12.7 -26.2 9 4.5 13.7 -29.4 11 2.5 5-14.7 11
Glutamic acid 34.5 38.7 g/kg 15.6 g/16g N 9 19.4 -53.3 9 10 22.4 -57.4 11 3.9 9.7-24.4 11
Glycine 8.6 9.7 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1.4 6.7 -11.2 9 1.6 7.3 -12.9 11 0.8 3.1-5.6 12
Serine 12.2 13.7 g/kg 5.5 g/16g N 1.5 9.2 -13.6 9 1.7 10.2 -15.7 11 0.9 4.4-7.2 11
Proline 7.7 8.6 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1.8 4.5 -8.6 6 2 4.8 -9.7 7 1 2.1-5.1 7
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