Common bean

Seed of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Common beans are normally used for human food but can occasionally be fed to livestock. The common bean is known under many names (kidney bean, French bean, navy bean...), depending on the variety.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88.9 100 % - 2.5 82.9 -95.3 60 4
Crude protein 22.1 24.9 % - 1.8 17 -25.7 60 1.8 19 -29 74
Crude fibre 4.6 5.2 % - 1 2.6 -7.1 41 1.1 2.8 -8 43
Crude fat 1.4 1.6 % - 0.4 0.8 -2.7 48 0.5 0.9 -3 61
Ash 4.1 4.6 % - 0.9 3.4 -8.4 49 1 3.6 -10.1 62
Insoluble ash 0.07 0.07 % -
NDF 11.8 13.3 % - 6 7.9 -25.8 17
ADF 6.6 7.4 % - 1.1 4.6 -8.8 8 1.2 4.8 -9.9 19
Lignin 0.2 0.2 % - 0.09 -0.3 4 0.1 -0.3 4
Water insoluble cell walls 13.3 15 % -
Starch 36.2 40.7 % - 5.3 20.1 -42 27 5.8 22.8 -49 36
Starch, enzymatic method 33.6 37.8 % -
Total sugars 4.3 4.9 % - 0.6 2.6 -5.1 18 0.7 3.1 -5.7 18
Gross energy (kcal) 3870 4350 kcal/kg - 1 1
Gross energy (MJ) 16.2 18.2 MJ/kg - 1 1
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.8 2.1 g/kg - 0.9 1.1 -4.2 18 1 1 -5.1 30
Phosphorus 4.5 5 g/kg - 0.8 1.9 -5.6 18 0.9 2.1 -6.3 30
Phytate phosphorus 1.5 1.6 g/kg 33 % P 1 1
Magnesium 1.8 2 g/kg - 0.3 1.6 -2.6 6 0.3 1.5 -2.8 17
Potassium 15.1 16.9 g/kg - 1.3 14 -17.4 5 1.3 13.5 -19.2 16
Sodium 0.02 0.03 g/kg - 0 -0.1 4 0 -0.11 4
Chlorine 0.5 0.5 g/kg -
Sulfur 1.4 1.6 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 284 319 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 374 421 mEq/kg -
Manganese 13 15 mg/kg - 1 2 12 -17 12
Zinc 33 37 mg/kg - 1 4 30 -47 12
Copper 9 11 mg/kg - 1 2 8 -15 12
Iron 75 85 mg/kg - 1 11 68 -107 12
Selenium 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.01 0.01 mg/kg - 1 1
Iodine 0.01 0.01 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0 0-0 10
C14:0 myristic acid 0 0 g/kg 0.03 % FA 1 0 -0.03 2 0.07 0-0.2 12
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.2 1.3 g/kg 9.9 % FA 1 3 5.7-16.8 13
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.07 0.08 g/kg 0.6 % FA 1 1.9 0-6.3 11
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 2.3 % FA 1 2.2 0.5-9.1 13
C18:1 oleic acid 1.4 1.6 g/kg 11.9 % FA 1 3 8.6-19.8 13
C18:2 linoleic acid 3.3 3.7 g/kg 27.9 % FA 1 6.7 20.6-43.1 13
C18:3 linolenic acid 5.2 5.8 g/kg 43.4 % FA 1 14.4 12.4-56.5 13
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.06 0.07 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.08 0.4-0.6 11
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.04 0.05 g/kg 0.4 % FA 1 1.1 0-3.8 12
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 0.8 % FA 0.2 0.5-1.2 11
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0.01 0-0.03 10
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 1.1 % FA 0.3 0.3-1.4 11
Fatty acids 1.2 1.3 % 82 % fat 4 78-89 5
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0 0 1000 IU/kg - 0 0 -0 10
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 0.4 0.5 mg/kg - 0.5 0.5 0 -1.3 10
Vitamin B1 thiamin 5.4 6 mg/kg - 1.5 1.6 4.5 -9.9 10
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 1.3 1.4 mg/kg - 0.3 0.4 1 -2.3 10
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 1.8 2.1 mg/kg - 0.4 0.5 1.6 -3.1 10
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg - 0 0 -0 10
Niacin 9.3 10.5 mg/kg - 2.8 3.1 3.3 -14.2 10
Pantothenic acid 3.5 4 mg/kg - 0.6 0.7 3.1 -5.3 10
Folic acid 0.5 0.6 mg/kg - 0.3 0.3 0.2 -1.1 10
Biotin 0 0 mg/kg - 0 0 -0 10
Vitamin C 4.2 4.7 mg/kg - 10.6 11.9 0.9 -38.5 10
Choline 0 0 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.03 1.16 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.04 1.17 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 52 59 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 103 116 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 71 80 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.275 0.309 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2720 3060 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1820 2040 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1830 2060 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 12 13.5 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.1 9.1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.3 9.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 86.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 84.9 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 74 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 77 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 62 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.4 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.8 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.6 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.05 1.18 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.06 1.2 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 43 48 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 96 108 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 78 88 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1 1.12 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1 1.12 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 65 73 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 114 128 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 59 67 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.07 1.2 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.01 1.13 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.08 1.21 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1 1.13 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 58 65 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 148 167 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 108 122 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2690 3030 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.3 12.7 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.8 13.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 88.2 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 86.3 %
N digestibility ruminants - 76.9 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 90 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 88 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 74 % 1
Immediately degradable N (a) - 33 % 33-55 2
Potentially degradable N (b) - 67 % 45-67 2
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.093 h-1 0.091-0.093 2
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 79 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 46 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 54 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.095 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 59 % 59-76 3
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 17 % 17-50 3
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 79 % 48-82 3
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.069 h-1 0.066-0.072 3
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 63.5 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.3 3.7 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1 1.1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.4 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.7 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.5 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1004 1129 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1095 1232 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 107 121 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 66 75 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 5.6 6.3 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.6 1.9 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 75.6 85 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.48 3.91 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.81 2.04 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.72 1.93 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.96 2.2 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.35 1.52 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 24 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 30 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 7.1 8 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 174 196 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 8 8 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3390 3820 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3210 3610 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2300 2580 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3520 3960 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3300 3710 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2370 2670 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.2 16 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.4 15.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9.6 10.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.7 16.6 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.8 15.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.9 11.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 87.8 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 91 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 89.7 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 92.6 %
N digestibility growing pig - 90 %
N digestibility adult pig - 93.4 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 76 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 22.7 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.7 1.9 g/kg 38 % 1
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 2.5 2.9 g/kg 57 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2610 2930 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel, ground (kcal) 2280 2570 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (kcal) 2540 2860 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2550 2870 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, ground (kcal) 2230 2500 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (kcal) 2480 2790 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 10.9 12.3 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 10.7 12 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 1.1 1.3 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 1.1 1.3 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 83.4 %
Energy digestibility horse - 80.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.92 1.04 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 172 194 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3080 3470 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2850 3210 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 12.9 14.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 11.9 13.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 79.7 %
N digestibility rabbit - 83.6 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2270 2550 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 9.5 10.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 58.6 %
N digestibility salmonids - 85.4 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 14.6 16.4 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N 2.1 10 -17.9 10 2.3 10.8 -20.3 23 0.9 4-8.4 24
Threonine 9.6 10.7 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.3 7.2 -12.3 10 1.4 8 -14 23 0.6 3.2-5.9 24
Methionine 3 3.3 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1.1 1.5 -6.1 10 1.3 1.7 -6.6 23 0.5 0.3-2.5 24
Cystine 2.2 2.5 g/kg 1 g/16g N 0.3 1.9 -2.9 15 0.1 0.8-1.2 16
Methionine + cystine 5.2 5.8 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 0.6 5.2 -6.1 2 0.7 3.9 -6.9 15 0.3 1.4-2.6 16
Tryptophan 2.5 2.8 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N 0.8 2.1 -5.7 17 0.3 0.9-2.1 18
Isoleucine 9.7 10.9 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.3 7 -11.9 10 1.4 7.5 -13.4 23 0.7 2.8-5.9 24
Valine 11.4 12.8 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1.5 8.3 -13.1 10 1.7 8.9 -15.1 23 0.7 3.4-6.7 24
Leucine 17.7 19.9 g/kg 8 g/16g N 2.4 13.5 -21.3 10 2.6 14.7 -24.1 23 1 5.5-10 24
Phenylalanine 12 13.5 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N 1.8 7.8 -16 10 2 8.4 -18.1 23 0.7 3.6-7.1 24
Tyrosine 8.3 9.3 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 1.7 6.5 -12.1 22 0.6 2.7-4.4 23
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 20.3 22.8 g/kg 9.2 g/16g N 2.8 14.5 -21.1 9 3.1 15.7 -27.3 22 1.1 6.8-11.1 23
Histidine 5.7 6.5 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 0.6 5 -7.3 9 0.7 5.2 -8.2 22 0.3 2.1-3.4 23
Arginine 14.3 16.1 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 2.1 10.8 -19.4 10 2.3 11.7 -22 23 0.9 4.9-9.2 24
Alanine 9.3 10.5 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1.3 7.2 -10.5 9 1.4 8 -12.5 22 0.6 3-5.3 22
Aspartic acid 25.9 29.1 g/kg 11.7 g/16g N 5.4 12.7 -26.2 9 6.1 13.7 -38.5 22 2.3 5-14.7 22
Glutamic acid 34.7 39 g/kg 15.7 g/16g N 6.7 19.4 -53.3 9 7.4 22.4 -57.4 22 2.8 9.7-24.4 22
Glycine 8.8 9.9 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1.2 6.7 -11.2 9 1.3 7.3 -12.9 22 0.6 3.1-5.6 23
Serine 13.7 15.4 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 2.7 10.2 -19.6 22 0.9 4.4-7.2 22
Proline 8.4 9.4 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 1.5 4.5 -8.6 6 1.7 4.8 -11 18 0.7 2.1-5.1 18
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 12.4 13.9 g/kg 85 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 7.3 8.2 g/kg 76 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 2.9 g/kg 87 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 2 g/kg 81 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.4 5 g/kg 84 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 2.1 2.3 g/kg 82 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 7 7.8 g/kg 72 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 7.4 8.3 g/kg 65 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 12.6 14.1 g/kg 71 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 8.9 10 g/kg 74 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 5.6 6.2 g/kg 67 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 14.3 16 g/kg 71 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4.3 g/kg 66 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 13.4 15.1 g/kg 94 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 7.7 8.6 g/kg 82 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 23 25.9 g/kg 89 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 30.1 33.9 g/kg 87 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 8.8 9.9 g/kg 100 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 10.5 11.8 g/kg 77 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 8.4 9.4 g/kg 100 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.9 13.4 g/kg 82 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.5 8.4 g/kg 78 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 2.9 g/kg 86 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.8 g/kg 74 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.8 g/kg 81 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.3 g/kg 81 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 8 9 g/kg 83 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.3 10.5 g/kg 82 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.8 16.7 g/kg 84 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.1 11.4 g/kg 84 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.9 7.7 g/kg 83 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.8 18.9 g/kg 84 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.7 5.3 g/kg 81 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.1 13.7 g/kg 85 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.7 8.6 g/kg 82 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 20.2 22.7 g/kg 78 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 29.8 33.5 g/kg 86 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 7 7.9 g/kg 79 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 11 12.4 g/kg 81 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 6.9 7.7 g/kg 82 %
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