Beet pulp, dried

Dried byproduct of sugar manufacture, obtained after extracting the juice from sugar beet roots (Beta vulgaris L.). Other name: sugar beet pulp.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88.8 100 % - 1.9 83.8 -95.5 4210 1.7
Crude protein 7.9 8.9 % - 0.5 6 -14.9 3412 0.6 6.7 -13.9 2977
Crude fibre 17.2 19.4 % - 0.9 14.2 -21.9 3407 0.9 15.8 -24.3 2975
Crude fat 0.8 0.9 % - 0.3 0.2 -2.3 595 0.4 0.2 -2.5 609
Ash 6.3 7.1 % - 1.3 2.8 -14.4 4568 1.5 3.2 -16 4083
Insoluble ash 1.4 1.5 % - 1.3 0.06 -8.9 3391 1.4 0.07 -9.9 3065
NDF 41.8 47.1 % - 3.4 26.9 -49.1 237 3.7 30.1 -55.7 229
ADF 21.1 23.8 % - 1.2 12.9 -26 236 1.3 14.4 -28.2 228
Lignin 2.4 2.7 % - 0.9 1 -5.5 218 1.1 1.1 -6 212
Water insoluble cell walls 57.7 64.9 % - 4 51.7 -61 6 4.4 56.7 -68.8 6
Starch 0.8 0.9 % - 1.4 0 -3.9 10 1.6 0 -4.3 8
Total sugars 6.9 7.8 % - 2.1 0.7 -15 2111 2.4 1.3 -16.4 2059
Gross energy (kcal) 3630 4080 kcal/kg - 160 3210 -3900 27 170 3540 -4320 36
Gross energy (MJ) 15.2 17.1 MJ/kg - 0.7 13.4 -16.3 27 0.7 14.8 -18.1 36
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 12.9 14.5 g/kg - 2.4 5.5 -20.6 344 2.7 6.1 -23 295
Phosphorus 0.9 1 g/kg - 0.2 0.2 -2 1163 0.3 0.2 -2.1 1132
Phytate phosphorus 0.09 0.1 g/kg 10 % P
Magnesium 1.6 1.8 g/kg - 0.5 0.9 -2.9 54 0.5 1.1 -3.2 52
Potassium 4 4.5 g/kg - 1.7 0.5 -11.8 1525 1.9 0.5 -13.2 1468
Sodium 0.53 0.6 g/kg - 0.74 0.1 -5.95 174 0.84 0.11 -7 166
Chlorine 0.5 0.5 g/kg - 0.5 0.1 -0.8 18 0.6 0.1 -2.9 18
Sulfur 2.2 2.4 g/kg - 1 0.3 -9.4 295 1.1 0.3 -7.8 302
Dietary cation-anion difference -25 -28 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 111 125 mEq/kg -
Manganese 71 80 mg/kg - 19 37 -109 37 22 41 -121 36
Zinc 20 22 mg/kg - 13 8 -79 38 15 9 -89 36
Copper 5 6 mg/kg - 2 3 -10 62 2 3 -11 50
Iron 601 677 mg/kg - 306 255 -1480 36 344 282 -1650 35
Selenium 0.1 0.1 mg/kg - 0.06 0.01 -0.2 10 0.07 0.01 -0.2 9
Cobalt 0.4 0.5 mg/kg - 0.2 -0.6 2 1
Molybdenum 0.08 0.09 mg/kg - 1
Iodine 0.1 0.1 mg/kg - 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C16:0 palmitic acid 0.7 0.8 g/kg 20.6 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.05 0.05 g/kg 1.4 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 9.7 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 1.9 2.2 g/kg 57.8 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 10.5 % FA
Fatty acids 0.3 0.4 g/kg 40 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0.09 0.1 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0.5 0.6 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 13 15 mg/kg - 1
Vitamin B1 thiamin 0.3 0.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 0.8 0.9 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 2 2 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 18 20 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 1 1 mg/kg -
Choline 794 894 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.92 1.04 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.92 1.03 per kg -
PDIA Systali 29 33 g/kg -
PDI Systali 82 92 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -50 -56 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.275 0.309 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2450 2760 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1620 1820 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1610 1820 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 10.2 11.5 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.8 7.6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.8 7.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 82.9 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 79.3 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 56 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 63 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 7.5 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.4 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.3 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 6.3 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.7 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.94 1.05 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.94 1.05 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 25 29 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 79 89 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -48 -53 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.89 1 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.88 0.99 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 34 39 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 86 97 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -55 -62 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.89 1 per kg - 0.05 0.99 -1.13 8
UFV INRA 2007 0.87 0.98 per kg - 0.06 0.98 -1.14 8
PDIA INRA 2007 36 40 g/kg - 1 5 29 -44 13
PDIN INRA 2007 57 64 g/kg - 1 6 53 -73 13
PDIE INRA 2007 96 108 g/kg - 1 5 99 -114 13
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2410 2710 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.1 11.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 84.2 % 3.4 81.2-91.3 21
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 80.7 % 3.2 80.6-89.3 9
N digestibility ruminants - 70.3 % 8.3 46.5-73.6 20
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 85 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 83 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 52 % 8 34-65 18
Immediately degradable N (a) - 3 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 89 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.075 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 59 % 42-72 4
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 4 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 90 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.095 h-1 0.028-0.12 3
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 23.7 %
Absorbable P ruminants 0.8 0.9 g/kg 91 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2.6 2.9 g/kg 20 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.4 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.5 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2580 2900 kcal/kg - 440 1910 -2690 4 500 1670 -3090 8
ME growing pig (kcal) 2430 2740 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1470 1660 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2930 3300 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2670 3010 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1700 1910 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 10.8 12.2 MJ/kg - 1.9 8 -11.3 4 2.1 7 -12.9 8
ME growing pig (MJ) 10.2 11.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.2 6.9 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 12.3 13.8 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 11.2 12.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.1 8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 71.2 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 80.8 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 74.8 % 74-76.2 3
OM digestibility adult pig - 83.2 % 1
N digestibility growing pig - 49 %
N digestibility adult pig - 75.4 % 1
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 53 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 % 0-0 2
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 76.7 % 74.3-79 2
Energy digestibility horse - 73.8 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.77 0.87 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 25 28 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2170 2450 kcal/kg - 2140 -2800 3 2380 -3270 4
ME rabbit (kcal) 2110 2380 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 9.1 10.2 MJ/kg - 9 -11.7 3 10 -13.7 4
ME rabbit (MJ) 8.9 10 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 60 % 58-72 2
N digestibility rabbit - 54.3 % 22.6 17.8-76.4 5
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 4.6 5.2 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 0.8 3.5 -6 4 0.9 3.9 -6.2 6 1.1 4.3-7.3 7
Threonine 3.6 4 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 0.6 3.4 -4.6 2 0.6 3.1 -4.7 5 0.6 3.2-5.1 8
Methionine 1.3 1.5 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 0.3 1.1 -1.6 3 0.4 0.9 -1.8 6 0.3 0.9-2 8
Cystine 0.9 1 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N 0.1 0.8 -1.1 3 0.1 0.9 -1.2 5 0.2 0.9-1.4 7
Methionine + cystine 2.2 2.5 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 0.5 1.9 -2.7 3 0.6 1.8 -3.6 6 0.5 1.8-3.6 8
Tryptophan 0.8 0.9 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N 0.8 -1.1 2 1-1.2 3
Isoleucine 3.5 3.9 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 0.3 2.7 -3.6 2 0.3 3.3 -4.1 5 0.4 3.4-4.5 8
Valine 5.4 6.1 g/kg 6.9 g/16g N 0.6 4.1 -5.8 2 0.7 4.9 -6.6 5 0.9 4.8-7.1 8
Leucine 5.6 6.3 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N 0.8 4.4 -5.9 2 0.8 4.3 -6.5 6 0.9 4.6-7.2 9
Phenylalanine 3.6 4 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 0.5 2.5 -3.6 2 0.5 2.6 -4 6 0.6 2.8-4.6 9
Tyrosine 3.6 4.1 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 0.7 2.8 -4.2 2 0.7 3.2 -5.5 6 0.7 3.4-5.6 9
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 7.2 8.1 g/kg 9.2 g/16g N 1.1 5.3 -7.8 2 1.2 5.8 -9.3 6 1.3 6.1-10.2 9
Histidine 3 3.4 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 0.7 2-3.9 8
Arginine 3.3 3.7 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.6 2.7 -3.8 2 0.6 2.9 -4.7 6 0.7 3-5.1 9
Alanine 4.2 4.7 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N 0.3 3.3 -4.7 2 0.4 3.9 -4.9 6 0.5 4.1-5.4 8
Aspartic acid 6.3 7.1 g/kg 8 g/16g N 0.8 5 -7 2 0.9 5.3 -7.6 6 0.9 5.7-8.3 8
Glutamic acid 8 9.1 g/kg 10.2 g/16g N 2.8 6.4 -9.4 2 3.2 7.6 -16.3 6 2.7 8.1-16.7 8
Glycine 3.7 4.2 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 0.5 2.9 -4 2 0.6 3 -4.5 6 0.6 3.1-4.8 8
Serine 4.5 5.1 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 0.4 3.5 -4.9 2 0.5 4.1 -5.2 6 0.5 4.2-5.7 8
Proline 3.8 4.3 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.5 3.2 -4.8 2 0.5 3.2 -4.6 6 0.6 3.3-5.1 8
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.6 g/kg 50 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.2 g/kg 31 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 0.8 0.9 g/kg 61 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.2 0.2 g/kg 22 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1 1.1 g/kg 45 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.3 0.4 g/kg 41 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 2 2.3 g/kg 59 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.6 g/kg 42 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.7 g/kg 59 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2.1 g/kg 52 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2.2 g/kg 53 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4.2 g/kg 52 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 2.1 g/kg 61 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2.2 g/kg 58 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 2 2.2 g/kg 48 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 3.7 4.2 g/kg 59 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 6.7 7.6 g/kg 84 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 0.9 1 g/kg 25 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 1.9 g/kg 38 %
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 5.3 5.96 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 0.66 0.74 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 248 279 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0034 0.0038 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 1.22 1.37 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.55 0.62 m²yr/kg -
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