Tallow

Slaughterhouse byproduct consisting of heat-treated fat trimmings from cattle and other ruminant livestock, obtained before the carcass is split.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 100 100 % - 0.6 98 -100 119 0.5
Crude protein 0 0 % - 1 1
Crude fibre 0 0 % -
Crude fat 100 100 % - 0.7 97.5 -100 42 0.6 97.7 -100 42
Ash 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 9380 9380 kcal/kg - 90 9170 -9440 8 80 9270 -9490 9
Gross energy (MJ) 39.3 39.3 MJ/kg - 0.4 38.4 -39.5 8 0.3 38.8 -39.7 9
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C12:0 lauric acid 1.8 1.8 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1 1.6 1 -7 16 0.2 0.1-0.7 16
C14:0 myristic acid 31.5 31.5 g/kg 3.2 % FA 6.8 17.9 -32 4 6.8 14 -46 27 0.7 1.4-4.6 30
C16:0 palmitic acid 263 263 g/kg 26.3 % FA 26.4 222 -334 5 26.3 223 -354 31 2.6 22.3-35.4 33
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 38.1 38.1 g/kg 3.8 % FA 11.8 25.8 -58.5 12 1.1 2.6-5.9 13
C18:0 stearic acid 212 212 g/kg 21.2 % FA 42.7 103 -365 31 4.3 10.3-36.5 33
C18:1 oleic acid 385 385 g/kg 38.5 % FA 41.3 371 -476 5 41.3 245 -478 31 4.1 24.5-47.8 33
C18:2 linoleic acid 27.6 27.6 g/kg 2.8 % FA 15.7 14.5 -53.9 4 15.7 9 -85 30 1.5 0.9-8.5 32
C18:3 linolenic acid 6.5 6.5 g/kg 0.7 % FA 3.4 0 -14.2 31 0.3 0-1.4 32
C20:4 arachidonic acid 2 2 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 2 2 g/kg 0.2 % FA 2 -2 2 0.2-0.2 2
Fatty acids 100 100 g/kg 100 % fat 1
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 18.3 18.3 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 19 19 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 1.5 1.5 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 3.61 3.61 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 3.94 3.94 per kg -
PDIA Systali 0 0 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -14 -14 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 8770 8770 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 6940 6940 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 36.7 36.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 26.6 26.6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 29 29 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 88.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 99.6 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 3.58 3.58 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 3.89 3.89 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -14 -14 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 3.47 3.47 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 3.75 3.75 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -14 -14 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 2.73 2.73 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 2.78 2.78 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 7130 7130 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 29.8 29.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 88 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 0 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 7970 7970 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 7930 7930 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 7110 7110 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 7970 7970 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 7920 7920 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 7110 7110 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 33.4 33.4 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 33.2 33.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 29.8 29.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 33.4 33.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 33.2 33.2 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 29.8 29.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 85 % 79.3-85.4 3
Energy digestibility adult pig - 85 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 85 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 85 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 85 % 1
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 7970 7970 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 7220 7220 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 33.4 33.4 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 30.2 30.2 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 88 %
Energy digestibility horse - 88 %
Horse Forage Unit 2.96 2.96 per kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 7970 7970 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 8000 8000 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 33.4 33.4 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 33.5 33.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 85 %
N digestibility rabbit - 0 %
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 10.06 10.06 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 4.98 4.98 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 2393 2393 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0481 0.0481 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 9.43 9.43 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 4.35 4.35 m²yr/kg -
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