Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of groundnut seeds (Arachis hypogaea L.). The relatively high fibre content is due to the presence of skins and shells. It has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction. Other names: peanut meal, peanut oil meal.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 89.4 100 % - 2.9 83.8 -96.7 1440 2.7
Crude protein 48.1 53.9 % - 3.2 42.2 -54.7 109 3.4 47.6 -61.2 78
Crude fibre 12.1 13.5 % - 1.7 9 -18.7 1366 1.9 9.9 -20.3 1330
Crude fat 1 1.1 % - 0.8 0.1 -5 1051 0.9 0.1 -5.5 1017
Ash 5.7 6.4 % - 0.6 4 -8.7 911 0.7 4.4 -9.7 902
Insoluble ash 0.9 1 % - 0.3 0.2 -1.5 36 0.3 0.2 -1.7 43
NDF 22.6 25.3 % - 5.7 17.2 -40 104 6.4 12.5 -42.9 118
ADF 14.8 16.6 % - 1.9 12.1 -21 107 2.1 8.5 -22.5 121
Lignin 5.2 5.9 % - 1.4 2.1 -12.2 157 1.5 2.1 -13.1 169
Water insoluble cell walls 16 17.9 % - 15.5 -16.4 2
Starch 7.8 8.7 % - 1.9 3 -11.6 64 2.1 3.4 -13.1 66
Total sugars 8.2 9.1 % - 1.1 6.1 -10.6 43 1.2 7.1 -11.8 46
Gross energy (kcal) 4310 4830 kcal/kg - 200 3950 -4740 25 200 4390 -5180 30
Gross energy (MJ) 18.1 20.2 MJ/kg - 0.8 16.5 -19.8 25 0.9 18.4 -21.7 30
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.5 1.7 g/kg - 0.7 0.4 -4.3 464 0.7 0.4 -4.8 474
Phosphorus 5.6 6.3 g/kg - 0.5 4.3 -7.7 465 0.5 4.9 -8.6 477
Phytate phosphorus 3.4 3.8 g/kg 60 % P 3.2 -3.8 2
Magnesium 3.1 3.4 g/kg - 0.2 2.7 -3.6 99 0.2 2.9 -3.9 107
Potassium 13.5 15.1 g/kg - 1 11.3 -23.4 104 1.1 12.5 -17.2 106
Sodium 0.21 0.23 g/kg - 0.44 0 -2.22 71 0.49 0 -2.46 64
Chlorine 0.8 0.9 g/kg - 0.4 0.3 -1.2 6
Sulfur 3.1 3.5 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 138 155 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 334 374 mEq/kg -
Manganese 38 42 mg/kg - 7 25 -58 55 7 31 -62 55
Zinc 55 62 mg/kg - 7 39 -82 55 8 53 -90 55
Copper 14 16 mg/kg - 2 11 -24 55 2 12 -24 54
Iron 741 829 mg/kg - 151 398 -1315 8
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.4 0.4 mg/kg - 0.1 0.2 -0.7 15 0.2 0.2 -0.7 22
Molybdenum 2 3 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.06 0.07 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 0.7 0.8 g/kg 10.2 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.04 0.04 g/kg 0.5 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 2.4 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 3.4 3.8 g/kg 46.8 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 2.1 2.4 g/kg 29.8 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.06 0.06 g/kg 0.8 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 3.1 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 1.4 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 2.9 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 1.4 % FA
Fatty acids 0.7 0.8 g/kg 75 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 3 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 6 7 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 7 8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 6 7 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 170 190 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 47 53 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.5 0.6 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Choline 1755 1965 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.94 1.05 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.9 1.01 per kg -
PDIA Systali 136 153 g/kg -
PDI Systali 181 203 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 249 278 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.258 0.289 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2570 2880 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1650 1850 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1580 1770 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 10.8 12.1 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.9 7.7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.6 7.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 76.5 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 77.3 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 69 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 63 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 3.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 4.9 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 7.9 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.3 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.4 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 7.6 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.96 1.08 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.93 1.04 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 115 128 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 162 181 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 269 301 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.89 1 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.85 0.95 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 166 186 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 209 234 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 219 245 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.89 1 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.84 0.94 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 161 180 g/kg - 27
PDIN INRA 2007 336 376 g/kg - 26
PDIE INRA 2007 206 230 g/kg - 24
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2500 2800 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.5 11.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 77.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 78.7 %
N digestibility ruminants - 78.7 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 91 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 71 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 16 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 80 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.105 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 63 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 23 % 1
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 66 % 1
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.09 h-1 1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 53.2 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.7 4.2 g/kg 66 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.8 0.9 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.3 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.3 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.2 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3320 3710 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 3030 3390 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1830 2040 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3450 3860 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3130 3500 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1890 2120 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 13.9 15.5 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 12.7 14.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.6 8.5 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.4 16.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.1 14.7 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.9 8.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 76.9 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 79.9 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 78.2 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 81 %
N digestibility growing pig - 82.3 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 83.9 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.7 1.9 g/kg 30 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2460 2760 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2450 2740 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 10.3 11.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 10.3 11.5 MJ/kg - 1 1
Available P broiler 0.6 0.6 g/kg 10 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 83 %
Energy digestibility horse - 80.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.88 0.99 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 388 435 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3230 3610 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2790 3120 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13.5 15.1 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 11.7 13 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 74.8 %
N digestibility rabbit - 77.2 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 15.9 17.8 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N 1.9 11.9 -16.9 7 2.1 14.2 -20.5 6 0.6 2.5-4.1 6
Threonine 13 14.5 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1.5 12.5 -16.3 5 0.3 2.5-3.3 5
Methionine 4.8 5.4 g/kg 1 g/16g N 0.5 4.6 -5.8 5 4.9 -6.1 4 0.9-1.2 4
Cystine 5.3 6 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N 3.3 -6.9 4 3.8 -7.2 4 0.7-1.4 4
Methionine + cystine 10.1 11.4 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 8 -12.7 4 9.1 -13.3 4 1.6-2.6 4
Tryptophan 5.5 6.1 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 15.5 17.4 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 14.5 -16.6 4 2.9-3.4 4
Valine 18.8 21 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 2.3 16.4 -21.7 4 2.5 15.7 -22.7 5 0.5 3.1-4.4 5
Leucine 30.1 33.7 g/kg 6.3 g/16g N 1.4 26.1 -31.7 4 0.5 5.2-6.5 5
Phenylalanine 23.2 26 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1.1 20.3 -24.3 4 0.3 4-5 5
Tyrosine 17.5 19.5 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 40.7 45.5 g/kg 8.4 g/16g N
Histidine 10.9 12.2 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N
Arginine 55.6 62.2 g/kg 11.5 g/16g N 0.7 10.1-11.9 5
Alanine 19.4 21.7 g/kg 4 g/16g N 3.6 16 -21.2 4 4 17.9 -27.6 5 0.9 3.2-5.5 5
Aspartic acid 55.6 62.2 g/kg 11.5 g/16g N 6.5 51.9 -67.7 5 1.5 9.9-13.5 5
Glutamic acid 91.6 102 g/kg 19 g/16g N 13.6 81.9 -115 5 3.1 15.3-23 5
Glycine 27.4 30.7 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 3.4 25.3 -34 5 0.8 4.9-6.8 5
Serine 23 25.8 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.4 4.1-5.1 5
Proline 17.4 19.5 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1 17.8 -22.6 2
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.8 14.4 g/kg 81 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.4 11.6 g/kg 80 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 4.8 g/kg 89 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 4.3 g/kg 72 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.1 9.1 g/kg 80 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 4.8 5.3 g/kg 87 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.5 15.1 g/kg 87 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.5 18.5 g/kg 88 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 26.2 29.3 g/kg 87 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 21.1 23.6 g/kg 91 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.9 17.8 g/kg 91 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 37 41.4 g/kg 91 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.8 9.8 g/kg 81 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 50 56 g/kg 90 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.3 18.2 g/kg 84 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 48.3 54.1 g/kg 87 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 81.5 91.2 g/kg 89 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 20.6 23 g/kg 75 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.4 21.7 g/kg 84 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 15.1 16.9 g/kg 87 %
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