Oats, flaked

Flaked or rolled oat grain (Avena sativa L.).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.6 100 % -
Crude protein 9.4 10.8 % -
Crude fibre 11.6 13.2 % -
Crude fat 4.7 5.4 % -
Ash 2.5 2.9 % -
Insoluble ash 1 1.2 % -
NDF 31.4 35.8 % -
ADF 14.3 16.4 % -
Lignin 2.3 2.6 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 31.4 35.8 % -
Starch 36.8 42 % -
Total sugars 1.3 1.5 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4070 4650 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 17.1 19.5 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1 1.1 g/kg -
Phosphorus 3.1 3.6 g/kg -
Phytate phosphorus 1.7 2 g/kg 55 % P
Magnesium 0.9 1.1 g/kg -
Potassium 4.5 5.1 g/kg -
Sodium 0.12 0.13 g/kg -
Chlorine 0.8 0.9 g/kg -
Sulfur 1.6 1.8 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -1 -1 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 98 112 mEq/kg -
Manganese 41 47 mg/kg -
Zinc 24 27 mg/kg -
Copper 3 4 mg/kg -
Iron 96 109 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.08 0.1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.8 0.9 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 7.1 8.1 g/kg 16.6 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.5 0.6 g/kg 1.2 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 15.8 18.1 g/kg 37.1 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 16 18.3 g/kg 37.5 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.6 0.7 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Fatty acids 4.3 4.9 g/kg 90 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 2 2.3 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 12 14 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0.5 0.6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 6 7 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2 2 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 5 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 17 19 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 8 9 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.3 0.4 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Choline 975 1113 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Viscosity, real applied - 4.2 mL/g
Phytase activity 40 40 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.87 1 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.83 0.95 per kg -
PDIA Systali 21 24 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 68 77 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -13 -15 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.281 0.321 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2400 2740 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1540 1750 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1470 1670 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 10.1 11.5 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.4 7.3 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.1 7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 71.2 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 69.3 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 75 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 88 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 71 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.9 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.7 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.3 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.89 1.02 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.86 0.98 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 19 22 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 67 76 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -13 -15 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.83 0.95 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.78 0.89 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 25 29 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 70 80 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -16 -18 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.85 0.97 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.8 0.92 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 20 23 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 62 71 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 69 79 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2380 2720 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10 11.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 72.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 70.6 %
N digestibility ruminants - 59.4 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 92 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 79 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 51 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 38 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.16 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 93 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 67 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 33 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.215 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 75 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 60 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 25 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.085 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 74.9 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.4 2.7 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.5 0.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2360 2700 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2240 2550 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 9.9 11.3 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 9.4 10.7 MJ/kg -
Available P broiler 0.8 0.9 g/kg 24 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 71 %
Energy digestibility horse - 68.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.88 1 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 70 80 g/kg -
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 4 4.5 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N
Threonine 3.3 3.8 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N
Methionine 1.7 2 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N
Cystine 3.1 3.6 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 4.9 5.5 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Tryptophan 1.2 1.4 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Isoleucine 3.6 4.1 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Valine 5 5.7 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N
Leucine 6.9 7.9 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 4.7 5.4 g/kg 5 g/16g N
Tyrosine 3.4 3.9 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 8.1 9.2 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N
Histidine 2 2.3 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N
Arginine 6.3 7.2 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N
Alanine 4.5 5.1 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 8.2 9.3 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 16.1 18.4 g/kg 17.1 g/16g N
Glycine 4.8 5.5 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Serine 4.6 5.3 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N
Proline 5.8 6.7 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N
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