Oats, flaked

Flaked or rolled oat grain (Avena sativa L.).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.6 100 % -
Crude protein 9.4 10.8 % -
Crude fibre 11.6 13.2 % -
Crude fat 4.7 5.4 % -
Ash 2.5 2.9 % -
Insoluble ash 1 1.2 % -
NDF 31.4 35.8 % -
ADF 14.3 16.4 % -
Lignin 2.3 2.6 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 31.4 35.8 % -
Starch 36.8 42 % -
Total sugars 1.3 1.5 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4070 4650 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 17.1 19.5 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1 1.1 g/kg -
Phosphorus 3.1 3.6 g/kg -
Phytate phosphorus 1.7 2 g/kg 55 % P
Magnesium 0.9 1.1 g/kg -
Potassium 4.5 5.1 g/kg -
Sodium 0.12 0.13 g/kg -
Chlorine 0.8 0.9 g/kg -
Sulfur 1.6 1.8 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -1 -1 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 98 112 mEq/kg -
Manganese 41 47 mg/kg -
Zinc 24 27 mg/kg -
Copper 3 4 mg/kg -
Iron 96 109 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.08 0.1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.8 0.9 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 7.1 8.1 g/kg 16.6 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.5 0.6 g/kg 1.2 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 15.8 18.1 g/kg 37.1 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 16 18.3 g/kg 37.5 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.6 0.7 g/kg 1.5 % FA
Fatty acids 4.3 4.9 g/kg 90 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 2 2.3 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 12 14 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0.5 0.6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 6 7 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2 2 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 5 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 17 19 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 8 9 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.3 0.4 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Choline 975 1113 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Viscosity, real applied - 4.2 mL/g
Phytase activity 40 40 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.87 1 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.83 0.95 per kg -
PDIA Systali 21 24 g/kg -
PDI Systali 68 77 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -13 -15 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.281 0.321 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2400 2740 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1540 1750 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1470 1670 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 10.1 11.5 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.4 7.3 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.1 7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 71.2 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 69.3 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 75 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 71 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 88 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.9 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.7 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.3 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.89 1.02 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.86 0.98 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 19 22 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 67 76 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -13 -15 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.83 0.95 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.78 0.89 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 25 29 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 70 80 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -16 -18 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.85 0.97 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.8 0.92 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 20 23 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 62 71 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 69 79 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2380 2720 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10 11.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 72.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 70.6 %
N digestibility ruminants - 59.4 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 92 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 79 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 51 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 38 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.16 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 93 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 67 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 33 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.215 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 75 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 60 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 25 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.085 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 74.9 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.4 2.7 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.5 0.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2360 2700 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2240 2550 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 9.9 11.3 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 9.4 10.7 MJ/kg -
Available P broiler 0.8 0.9 g/kg 24 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 71 %
Energy digestibility horse - 68.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.88 1 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 70 80 g/kg -
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 4 4.5 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N
Threonine 3.3 3.8 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N
Methionine 1.7 2 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N
Cystine 3.1 3.6 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 4.9 5.5 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Tryptophan 1.2 1.4 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Isoleucine 3.6 4.1 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Valine 5 5.7 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N
Leucine 6.9 7.9 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 4.7 5.4 g/kg 5 g/16g N
Tyrosine 3.4 3.9 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 8.1 9.2 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N
Histidine 2 2.3 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N
Arginine 6.3 7.2 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N
Alanine 4.5 5.1 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 8.2 9.3 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 16.1 18.4 g/kg 17.1 g/16g N
Glycine 4.8 5.5 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Serine 4.6 5.3 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N
Proline 5.8 6.7 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N
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