Rapeseed meal, oil < 5%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of rapeseeds (Brassica napus L., Brassica rapa L. and Brassica juncea L., and their crosses) from varieties having a low content in erucic acid and glucosinolates ("00" in Europe, canola in North America). This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction. Other names: "00" rapeseed meal, canola meal (for North American rapeseed cultivars).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 89 100 % - 1.6 84.3 -94.5 6477 1.4
Crude protein 33.9 38.1 % - 1.2 27.7 -45 7696 1.3 30.6 -49.1 6570
Crude fibre 12.8 14.4 % - 1 7.6 -16 6457 1.2 8.3 -18.1 5736
Crude fat 2.2 2.4 % - 0.6 0.6 -5 5907 0.7 0.7 -5.6 5328
Ash 6.8 7.6 % - 0.3 5.8 -9.5 1315 0.4 6.5 -10.4 1076
Insoluble ash 1.3 1.4 % - 0.5 -2.1 2 1
NDF 28.2 31.6 % - 3.5 18.6 -36.7 237 3.9 20.5 -45.4 276
ADF 18.5 20.8 % - 1.7 11.2 -22.9 241 1.9 12.1 -26.6 281
Lignin 8.6 9.7 % - 1.1 6.2 -12 269 1.3 5.9 -13.8 296
Water insoluble cell walls 32.2 36.2 % - 2.1 29.2 -38.2 34 2.4 32.4 -43.4 33
Starch 5.5 6.2 % - 1.4 0.5 -7.2 110 1.6 0.6 -8.1 102
Total sugars 9.4 10.5 % - 0.8 7.6 -12.1 80 0.9 8.2 -13.6 78
Gross energy (kcal) 4110 4620 kcal/kg - 150 4030 -4650 43 160 4350 -5010 56
Gross energy (MJ) 17.2 19.3 MJ/kg - 0.6 16.9 -19.5 43 0.7 18.2 -21 56
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 7.6 8.5 g/kg - 0.9 4.5 -13.3 459 1.1 5.1 -14.4 461
Phosphorus 11.3 12.7 g/kg - 0.9 8.7 -14 540 1 9.5 -15.5 539
Phytate phosphorus 6.8 7.6 g/kg 60 % P 1
Magnesium 5.1 5.7 g/kg - 0.3 3.9 -5.9 9 0.4 4.9 -6.6 24
Potassium 12.6 14.2 g/kg - 0.7 11.4 -15.3 115 13.8 -16.4 2
Sodium 0.26 0.29 g/kg - 0.29 0 -1 113 0.1 -0.78 3
Chlorine 0.6 0.7 g/kg - 0.2 0.1 -1.3 113
Sulfur 7.5 8.5 g/kg - 1.5 7.4 -12.2 4 1.7 6.9 -13.2 21
Dietary cation-anion difference -153 -172 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 317 356 mEq/kg -
Manganese 53 60 mg/kg - 7 44 -73 20 8 46 -77 29
Zinc 66 74 mg/kg - 17 55 -127 30 19 56 -142 37
Copper 6 7 mg/kg - 5 2 -23 26 5 2 -25 36
Iron 170 191 mg/kg - 43 98 -345 18 49 110 -295 24
Selenium 1 1 mg/kg - 0.4 0.9 -2 7
Cobalt 0.09 0.1 mg/kg - 1 1
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg - 0.5 0.5 1 -3 17
Iodine 0 0 mg/kg - 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.03 % FA 1
C16:0 palmitic acid 0.8 0.9 g/kg 4.8 % FA 1
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.04 0.04 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 1.6 % FA 1
C18:1 oleic acid 10.3 11.6 g/kg 59.9 % FA 1
C18:2 linoleic acid 3.5 3.9 g/kg 20.4 % FA 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.6 1.8 g/kg 9.2 % FA
Fatty acids 1.7 1.9 g/kg 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 14 15 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 3 4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 4 4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 11 12 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 167 187 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 9 10 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.8 0.9 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.9 1 mg/kg -
Choline 6563 7374 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 10 10 IU/kg - 1 10 -20 2
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.88 0.99 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.84 0.95 per kg -
PDIA Systali 82 92 g/kg -
PDI Systali 128 144 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 150 169 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.278 0.313 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2430 2730 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1550 1740 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1480 1670 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 10.2 11.4 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.5 7.3 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.2 7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 74.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 74 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 69 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 60 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.6 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.9 1.02 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.87 0.98 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 70 79 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 118 132 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 163 183 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.84 0.94 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.79 0.89 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 99 111 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 144 162 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 131 147 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.85 0.95 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.8 0.9 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 92 104 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 220 247 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 139 156 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2380 2670 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10 11.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 76.1 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 75.3 %
N digestibility ruminants - 77.3 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 79 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 69 % 12 30-75 14
Immediately degradable N (a) - 27 % 7 8-27 6
Potentially degradable N (b) - 67 % 14 54-89 6
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.1 h-1 0.045 0.02-0.14 6
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 % 11 38-78 13
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 28 % 5 19-36 6
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 55 % 13 48-79 6
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.085 h-1 0.028 0.018-0.09 6
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 68.4 %
Absorbable P ruminants 8 9 g/kg 71 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 4.2 4.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2820 3170 kcal/kg - 240 2740 -3570 12 260 3000 -3830 13
ME growing pig (kcal) 2600 2920 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1600 1790 kcal/kg - 1 1
DE adult pig (kcal) 3020 3390 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2750 3090 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1710 1920 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 11.8 13.3 MJ/kg - 1 11.5 -14.9 12 1.1 12.6 -16 13
ME growing pig (MJ) 10.9 12.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.7 7.5 MJ/kg - 1 1
DE adult pig (MJ) 12.6 14.2 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 11.5 12.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.2 8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 68.5 % 4.7 65.6-79.8 13
Energy digestibility adult pig - 73.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 71 % 69-80.4 3
OM digestibility adult pig - 76 %
N digestibility growing pig - 76.5 % 4.3 72.6-88.8 12
N digestibility adult pig - 80 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 79 % 2.3 71.6-79.2 16
Crude fat digestibility pig - 26.9 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 3.6 4.1 g/kg 32 % 1
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1490 1670 kcal/kg - 1160 -2040 3 1330 -2200 3
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1430 1610 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 6.2 7 MJ/kg - 4.9 -8.5 3 5.5 -9.2 3
AMEn broiler (MJ) 6 6.7 MJ/kg -
Available P broiler 2.8 3.2 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 76 %
Energy digestibility horse - 73.4 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.79 0.89 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 260 292 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2690 3020 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2400 2700 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11.3 12.7 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 10 11.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 65.4 %
N digestibility rabbit - 71.2 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2530 2850 kcal/kg - 2370 -3320 4 2610 -3670 4
DE salmonids (MJ) 10.6 11.9 MJ/kg - 9.9 -13.9 4 10.9 -15.4 4
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 61.6 % 51.2-71 4
N digestibility salmonids - 82.2 % 75-87.9 4
Digestible P salmonids 3 3.3 g/kg 26 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 18.1 20.4 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N 1.4 14.2 -23.7 248 1.5 17.3 -26.3 154 0.3 4.3-6.8 249
Threonine 14.6 16.4 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.3 12 -18.5 109 1.5 13.2 -20.3 83 0.3 3.6-5.2 129
Methionine 6.8 7.7 g/kg 2 g/16g N 0.9 3.7 -8.1 143 1 4 -9 68 0.2 1.2-2.1 144
Cystine 8.1 9.1 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 0.6 6.7 -10 131 0.7 7.8 -10.8 56 0.1 1.8-2.6 132
Methionine + cystine 14.9 16.8 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 0.7 12.5 -17.7 130 0.8 14.9 -19.2 55 0.1 3.8-5 131
Tryptophan 4.2 4.7 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 0.4 3.6 -5.2 75 0.4 4.1 -5.6 36 0.1 1-1.7 82
Isoleucine 13.6 15.2 g/kg 4 g/16g N 0.9 12 -17 146 1 13.1 -18.6 71 0.1 3.4-4.6 147
Valine 17.3 19.4 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1.2 15.2 -21.7 144 1.3 17 -24.2 69 0.2 4.6-6 145
Leucine 23.1 25.9 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 1.7 20.9 -29.3 146 1.9 23.1 -32 71 0.2 6.2-7.6 147
Phenylalanine 13.1 14.7 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1.1 10.8 -17.3 146 1.3 12.2 -18.9 71 0.2 3.4-4.5 147
Tyrosine 9.6 10.8 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 1.3 7.4 -13.4 88 1.4 8.1 -14.6 56 0.3 2.2-3.6 102
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 22.7 25.5 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 1.9 21.3 -26.9 62 2.2 23.1 -31.4 24 0.3 5.8-7.5 70
Histidine 9.3 10.4 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 0.9 7.7 -13.1 146 0.9 9.3 -14.1 71 0.2 2.4-3.7 147
Arginine 19.6 22 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 2.4 16 -31.1 145 2.7 18.1 -33.9 71 0.4 5-6.9 146
Alanine 14.7 16.5 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.3 12.5 -19.6 96 1.5 14 -21.7 67 0.2 3.8-4.9 113
Aspartic acid 24 26.9 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N 2.8 19.1 -33.4 98 3.1 21.2 -38.1 69 0.4 5.5-8.1 115
Glutamic acid 57.6 64.7 g/kg 17 g/16g N 7.4 48.7 -75.5 96 8.3 53.8 -93 67 1.1 14.9-21.4 113
Glycine 16.8 18.9 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1.6 14.9 -22 95 1.8 16.3 -25.1 66 0.2 4.4-5.5 112
Serine 14.8 16.7 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 2.1 9.7 -18.7 97 2.4 10.7 -22.4 68 0.4 3.3-5.8 114
Proline 20.5 23 g/kg 6 g/16g N 2.3 17.9 -27.1 70 2.5 18.7 -30.2 41 0.4 4.9-7 87
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 13.6 15.3 g/kg 75 % 1.7 10.7 -16.1 8 1.9 11.7 -17.8 8 4 67-81 16
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 10.8 12.2 g/kg 75 % 0.8 9.8 -12.1 8 0.9 11 -13.6 8 3 69-79 16
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 5.9 6.7 g/kg 87 % 0.4 5.2 -6.6 8 0.5 5.8 -7.2 8 3 81-95 16
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 6.6 7.4 g/kg 81 % 1.1 6 -9.6 8 1.2 6.6 -10.6 8 5 70-88 16
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 12.5 14 g/kg 84 % 1.3 11.6 -16 7 1.5 12.9 -17.7 7 3 80-91 15
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.7 g/kg 80 % 0.4 3 -4.2 6 0.4 3.4 -4.6 6 5 69-87 9
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 10.6 11.9 g/kg 78 % 0.8 9.6 -12.2 8 0.9 11.4 -13.8 8 3 72-83 16
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 13.3 14.9 g/kg 77 % 1.1 12.4 -16 8 1.2 14.6 -18.1 8 3 71-82 16
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 19 21.3 g/kg 82 % 1.3 17.2 -21.6 8 1.5 20.6 -24.2 8 3 76-88 16
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 10.9 12.2 g/kg 83 % 0.8 9.7 -12.4 8 0.9 11.5 -13.7 8 4 77-90 16
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7.7 8.6 g/kg 80 % 0.7 7.5 -9.9 8 0.8 8.5 -11.2 8 5 73-96 16
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 18.5 20.8 g/kg 82 % 1.4 17.5 -22 7 1.6 20 -24.9 7 4 76-93 15
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 8.8 g/kg 84 % 0.8 6 -8.3 8 0.9 6.8 -9.1 8 3 78-87 16
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 17.1 19.2 g/kg 87 % 1.7 14.5 -19.7 8 1.9 16.9 -21.8 8 5 73-91 16
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 11.7 13.2 g/kg 80 % 0.7 10.4 -12.8 8 0.7 12.5 -14.3 8 3 75-84 16
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 18.2 20.5 g/kg 76 % 1.3 17.2 -20.7 8 1.5 19.2 -22.9 8 4 66-82 16
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 49.8 56 g/kg 87 % 3 45.5 -57.9 8 3.3 54.5 -64.1 8 2 82-89 16
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 13.1 14.7 g/kg 78 % 0.9 11.8 -14.7 8 1 13.8 -16.3 8 2 74-83 16
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 11.5 12.9 g/kg 78 % 1.1 9.5 -12.5 8 1.2 10.7 -14.1 8 3 71-82 16
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 16 18 g/kg 78 % 3 13.9 -22.8 7 3.3 16.7 -25.5 7 7 74-100 12
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.1 15.9 g/kg 78 % 77-82 4
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.6 11.9 g/kg 73 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 6 6.7 g/kg 88 % 85-90 4
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.1 6.8 g/kg 75 % 68-79 4
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.1 13.6 g/kg 81 % 76-82 2
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.7 g/kg 80 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.6 11.9 g/kg 78 % 78-84 4
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.3 15 g/kg 77 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.5 20.7 g/kg 80 % 76-82 4
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.4 11.7 g/kg 80 % 76-83 4
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.6 8.5 g/kg 79 % 75-83 4
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.1 20.3 g/kg 80 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.6 8.6 g/kg 82 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.7 18.7 g/kg 85 % 80-87 4
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.7 13.2 g/kg 80 % 77-82 3
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 18.2 20.5 g/kg 76 % 69-80 3
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 49.5 55.7 g/kg 86 % 83-92 3
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.1 14.7 g/kg 78 % 77-80 4
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.3 12.7 g/kg 76 % 76-83 4
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 15.8 17.7 g/kg 77 % 77-80 3
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 1.91 2.15 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 0.07 0.08 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 325 365 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0075 0.0084 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 2.84 3.19 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.21 1.36 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML