Wheat bran, durum

Byproduct of wheat flour or semolina production obtained by the milling of durum wheat grains (Triticum durum L., also known as Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum (Desf.) Husn.). It consists principally of fragments of the outer skins and of particles of grain from which the greater part of the endosperm has been removed.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 86.6 100 % - 2.1 83.9 -92.2 129 2
Crude protein 15 17.3 % - 0.8 12.5 -17.1 171 0.9 14.9 -19.7 131
Crude fibre 9.4 10.8 % - 1.1 5.4 -12.5 146 1.3 6.4 -14.1 114
Crude fat 4.5 5.2 % - 1 1.7 -9.6 206 1.2 1.9 -10.6 206
Ash 4.5 5.2 % - 0.4 2.9 -5.7 111 0.4 4.1 -6.6 84
Insoluble ash 0.1 0.1 % - 1 1
NDF 40.4 46.7 % - 1 1
ADF 12 13.9 % - 1 1
Lignin 3.4 4 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 39.7 45.8 % -
Starch 21.9 25.3 % - 4.2 12.1 -34.1 158 4.8 14.4 -40.6 121
Total sugars 6.7 7.7 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 3990 4610 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 16.7 19.3 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.2 1.3 g/kg - 0.3 0.8 -2.1 21 0.4 0.9 -2.4 21
Phosphorus 9 10.4 g/kg - 0.6 8.9 -11.4 18 0.6 10.2 -12.8 18
Phytate phosphorus 7.2 8.3 g/kg 80 % P
Magnesium 2.7 3.1 g/kg - 1 1
Potassium 11.1 12.9 g/kg - 1 1
Sodium 0.13 0.15 g/kg - 0.08 0.04 -0.24 7 0.09 0.05 -0.26 7
Chlorine 0.8 0.9 g/kg - 1 1
Electrolyte balance 269 311 mEq/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.04 0.04 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 6.4 7.3 g/kg 17.8 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.1 0.2 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.8 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 5.4 6.3 g/kg 15.2 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 20.1 23.2 g/kg 56.4 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 2.1 2.4 g/kg 5.9 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.5 0.5 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Fatty acids 3.6 4.1 g/kg 80 % fat
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Viscosity, real applied - 2 mL/g
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.8 0.93 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.75 0.87 per kg -
PDIA Systali 32 37 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 76 88 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 28 33 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.262 0.303 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2230 2580 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1410 1630 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1320 1530 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.3 10.8 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.9 6.8 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.5 6.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 68.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 67.1 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 73 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 89 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 60 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.6 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.82 0.95 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.78 0.9 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 28 33 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 74 86 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 31 36 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.76 0.88 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.7 0.81 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 38 44 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 81 94 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 23 26 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.79 0.91 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.73 0.85 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 34 39 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 96 111 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 77 89 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2230 2580 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.3 10.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 70.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 68.4 %
N digestibility ruminants - 66.5 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 80 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 75 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 35 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 54 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.165 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 78 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 22 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.205 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 61 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 36 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 42 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.09 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 74.2 %
Absorbable P ruminants 6.8 7.8 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.6 0.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2220 2560 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2110 2440 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1540 1770 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2460 2840 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2310 2670 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1660 1920 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 9.3 10.7 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 8.8 10.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.4 7.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 10.3 11.9 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 9.7 11.2 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7 8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 55.6 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 61.6 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 59.5 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 65 %
N digestibility growing pig - 64 %
N digestibility adult pig - 73.5 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 50.3 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 4.5 5.2 g/kg 50 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1660 1920 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1580 1830 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 7 8 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 6.6 7.7 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 70 %
Energy digestibility horse - 67.1 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.79 0.91 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 100 116 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2730 3160 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2640 3050 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11.4 13.2 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 11 12.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 68.5 %
N digestibility rabbit - 47.7 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 5.9 6.8 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Threonine 4.8 5.5 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 2.3 2.6 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Cystine 3.2 3.7 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine 5.5 6.4 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tryptophan 2 2.3 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Isoleucine 4.8 5.5 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Valine 6.8 7.8 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Leucine 9.2 10.6 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine 6 6.9 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tyrosine 4 4.6 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 10 11.5 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N
Histidine 4 4.6 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Arginine 9.4 10.9 g/kg 6.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Alanine 6.6 7.6 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Aspartic acid 9.8 11.3 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glutamic acid 30.3 34.9 g/kg 20.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glycine 7.3 8.4 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Serine 6.4 7.4 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 10 11.5 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.6 g/kg 68 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.6 g/kg 65 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 2 g/kg 76 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.6 g/kg 71 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.6 g/kg 73 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.7 g/kg 75 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 3.5 4.1 g/kg 74 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 4.8 5.6 g/kg 72 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 6.9 7.9 g/kg 75 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.4 g/kg 79 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.6 g/kg 79 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7.9 9.1 g/kg 79 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.6 g/kg 78 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 7.9 9.1 g/kg 84 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.3 5 g/kg 65 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 6.9 7.9 g/kg 70 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 26 30 g/kg 86 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 4.6 5.4 g/kg 64 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.4 g/kg 73 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 6.8 7.8 g/kg 68 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.5 5.2 g/kg 76 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.9 g/kg 71 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 2.1 g/kg 80 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.8 g/kg 74 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.7 g/kg 76 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 4.4 g/kg 79 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 5 5.8 g/kg 75 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.1 8.1 g/kg 77 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.7 5.4 g/kg 78 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.3 g/kg 71 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.5 8.6 g/kg 75 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.4 g/kg 74 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.4 8.5 g/kg 78 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.7 g/kg 74 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 7.3 8.5 g/kg 75 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 26 30.1 g/kg 86 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.2 6 g/kg 71 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.8 5.5 g/kg 75 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 7.7 8.9 g/kg 77 %
CSVXLSXXML