Selenium yeast

Selenium yeast is produced by fermenting Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast in a selenium-rich media. It is a source of food and feed form selenium. These products have a variable selenium content.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 94 100 % -
Crude protein 45 47.9 % -
Crude fibre 1.8 1.9 % -
Crude fat 5 5.3 % -
Ash 7.5 8 % -
Insoluble ash 0.5 0.6 % -
NDF 7.8 8.3 % -
ADF 2.2 2.4 % -
Lignin 0.7 0.7 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 7 7.5 % -
Starch 8.1 8.6 % -
Starch, enzymatic method 0 0 % -
Total sugars 1.7 1.9 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4480 4770 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 18.8 20 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 3.3 3.5 g/kg -
Phosphorus 12.7 13.5 g/kg -
Phytate phosphorus 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Magnesium 2.2 2.4 g/kg -
Potassium 20.7 22 g/kg -
Sodium 1.63 1.74 g/kg -
Chlorine 3.5 3.7 g/kg -
Sulfur 4.3 4.6 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 235 250 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 503 535 mEq/kg -
Manganese 32 34 mg/kg -
Zinc 97 103 mg/kg -
Copper 19 20 mg/kg -
Iron 88 94 mg/kg -
Selenium 2000 2128 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.5 0.6 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 1 1 mg/kg -
Iodine 1 1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 1.4 1.5 g/kg 4.5 % FA 1
C14:0 myristic acid 0.9 1 g/kg 3 % FA 1
C16:0 palmitic acid 13.4 14.3 g/kg 44.2 % FA 1
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 5.1 5.5 g/kg 16.9 % FA 1
C18:0 stearic acid 4.2 4.5 g/kg 13.9 % FA 1
C18:1 oleic acid 2.2 2.4 g/kg 7.3 % FA 1
C18:2 linoleic acid 0.9 0.9 g/kg 2.9 % FA 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 3 3.2 % 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 2 2.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 86 91.5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 40 42.5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 33.9 36.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 7.5 7.98 µg/kg -
Niacin 451 480 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 112 119 mg/kg -
Folic acid 10.6 11.2 mg/kg -
Biotin 1.1 1.2 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 2.9 3.1 mg/kg -
Choline 3359 3574 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 0 0 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.12 1.19 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.11 1.18 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 82 87 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 134 143 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 264 281 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.139 0.148 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2980 3170 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1960 2090 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1950 2070 kcal/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 83.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 83.7 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 77 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.4 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.9 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.9 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.14 1.21 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.14 1.21 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 71 76 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 125 133 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 274 291 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.07 1.14 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.05 1.12 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 99 106 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 150 160 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 247 263 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.06 1.13 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.03 1.1 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 71 75 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 285 303 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 128 136 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2900 3080 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 12.1 12.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85.1 %
N digestibility ruminants - 78.6 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 90 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 84 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 64 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 29 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.14 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 0 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 0 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 81 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 60 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 34 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.095 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 74.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 11.4 12.1 g/kg 90 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.8 1.9 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.5 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.8 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
RBV Se ruminants - 109 % 12.1 7
VEM CVB 2018 1060 1127 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1130 1202 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 116 124 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 282 300 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 4.7 5 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.5 1.6 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 79.8 84.9 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.98 4.23 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.13 2.27 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 2.02 2.15 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.27 2.41 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.59 1.69 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 17 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 15 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 7.5 8 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 204 217 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 39 42 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3810 4050 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3510 3730 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2280 2430 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3900 4150 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3550 3770 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2340 2490 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 15.9 17 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 14.7 15.6 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9.6 10.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 16.3 17.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.8 15.8 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.8 10.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 85 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 86.9 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 86 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 88 %
N digestibility growing pig - 85 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 86.2 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 69 % 1
Crude fat digestibility pig - 80 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 6.3 6.7 g/kg 50 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 9.5 10.1 g/kg 75 %
RBV Se pig - 108 % 4
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2960 3150 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2960 3150 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 12.4 13.2 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 12.4 13.2 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 3.2 3.4 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 3.2 3.4 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 89.5 %
Energy digestibility horse - 85.9 %
Horse Forage Unit 1 1.06 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 0 0 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3850 4100 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3420 3640 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 16.1 17.1 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 14.3 15.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 85.9 %
N digestibility rabbit - 79.8 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3230 3440 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 13.5 14.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 72.1 % 62.6-76.8 2
N digestibility salmonids - 81.7 % 63.2-91 2
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 27.5 29.3 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N
Threonine 19.4 20.7 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Methionine 6.8 7.2 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N
Cystine 2.8 3 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 9.6 10.2 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N
Tryptophan 4.7 5 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 19.3 20.5 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Valine 21.3 22.6 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N
Leucine 26.7 28.4 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 15.6 16.6 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N
Tyrosine 12 12.7 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 27.5 29.3 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N
Histidine 9.5 10.1 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N
Arginine 19.9 21.2 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N
Alanine 29.1 30.9 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 35.6 37.9 g/kg 7.9 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 64.2 68.3 g/kg 14.3 g/16g N
Glycine 17.3 18.4 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Serine 18.7 19.9 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N
Proline 40.1 42.6 g/kg 8.9 g/16g N
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 20.4 21.7 g/kg 74 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 12.9 13.7 g/kg 66 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5 g/kg 69 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 1.5 g/kg 49 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 6.1 6.5 g/kg 63 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 2.8 g/kg 55 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 13.9 14.8 g/kg 72 % 1
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 14.1 15 g/kg 66 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 19.5 20.7 g/kg 73 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 10.3 10.9 g/kg 66 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7.7 8.2 g/kg 64 % 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 18 19.1 g/kg 65 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 7.3 7.7 g/kg 77 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 15.6 16.6 g/kg 78 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 21.4 22.8 g/kg 74 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 26.8 28.5 g/kg 75 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 49.2 52.3 g/kg 77 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 11.6 12.3 g/kg 67 % 1
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 12.9 13.7 g/kg 69 % 1
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 8 8.5 g/kg 20 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 24.8 26.4 g/kg 90 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.7 16.8 g/kg 81 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.7 6 g/kg 84 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 2.4 g/kg 80 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.9 8.4 g/kg 83 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.3 g/kg 86 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.4 17.4 g/kg 85 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.9 19 g/kg 84 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 22.7 24.2 g/kg 85 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.4 14.2 g/kg 86 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.4 11.1 g/kg 87 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 23.8 25.3 g/kg 86 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.7 8.2 g/kg 82 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.5 18.7 g/kg 88 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 25.6 27.2 g/kg 88 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 30.3 32.2 g/kg 85 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 56.5 60.1 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.7 15.6 g/kg 85 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.4 16.3 g/kg 82 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 34 36.2 g/kg 85 %
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