Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter

Dehydrated aerial part of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), containing between 22% and 25% protein (in dry matter).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.4 100 % - 1.5 86.5 -93.3 162 1.3
Crude protein 20.8 23 % - 0.5 20 -22.2 173 0.5 22 -24.6 150
Crude fibre 20.6 22.8 % - 2.4 14.4 -32.5 183 2.7 16.1 -31 126
Crude fat 3 3.3 % - 0.5 1.6 -4.2 81 0.6 1.8 -4.5 85
Ash 11.7 13 % - 1.6 7.4 -16.8 353 1.8 8.9 -18 336
Insoluble ash 0.9 1 % - 0.6 0 -2.1 12 0.7 0 -2.3 8
NDF 35.8 39.6 % - 6.3 26.8 -54 141 6.9 29.7 -56.8 135
ADF 24.5 27.1 % - 4.8 8.6 -41.2 144 5.3 19.3 -39 139
Lignin 6.7 7.4 % - 1.6 3.3 -11.7 110 1.8 4.5 -13 112
Water insoluble cell walls 37.4 41.4 % - 1
Starch 2.9 3.2 % - 0.9 1.6 -4.2 8 0.9 1.7 -4.6 8
Total sugars 4 4.4 % - 1.5 2.9 -5.4 5 1.7 2.3 -6 5
Gross energy (kcal) 4060 4490 kcal/kg - 1 90 4350 -4560 5
Gross energy (MJ) 17 18.8 MJ/kg - 1 0.4 18.2 -19.1 5
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 20.8 23 g/kg - 5.2 9.2 -33.8 122 5.8 10.5 -37.5 115
Phosphorus 2.8 3.1 g/kg - 0.5 1.7 -3.8 106 0.6 1.9 -4.2 100
Phytate phosphorus 0.1 0.2 g/kg 5 % P
Magnesium 1.9 2.1 g/kg - 0.2 1.6 -2.4 31 0.2 1.7 -2.7 31
Potassium 25.7 28.5 g/kg - 3.3 13 -34 36 3.7 19 -37.5 27
Sodium 0.38 0.43 g/kg - 0.34 0.09 -1.79 22 0.37 0.1 -1.4 13
Chlorine 5.4 6 g/kg - 1.4 3 -8.7 24 1.6 3.2 -7.7 9
Sulfur 6.9 7.7 g/kg - 2.2 3.4 -9.7 6
Dietary cation-anion difference 92 101 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 525 581 mEq/kg -
Manganese 31 35 mg/kg - 14 22 -56 8 15 23 -63 10
Zinc 32 35 mg/kg - 14 18 -77 31 16 20 -81 29
Copper 7 8 mg/kg - 6 2 -39 30 7 2 -43 30
Iron 312 345 mg/kg - 320 286 -1380 14 354 178 -1457 15
Selenium 0.2 0.3 mg/kg - 0.1 0.2 -0.5 6 0.2 0.04 -0.6 7
Cobalt 0.8 0.9 mg/kg - 1
Molybdenum 1 2 mg/kg - 1
Iodine 0.7 0.7 mg/kg - 0.2 0.3 -1 6 0.3 0.4 -1 6
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C12:0 lauric acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 2 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 1.9 % FA 1 0.5-2.6 5
C16:0 palmitic acid 3.9 4.3 g/kg 25.6 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.4 % FA 0.7 0.2-1.9 5
C18:0 stearic acid 0.6 0.6 g/kg 3.8 % FA 1.1 1.9-4.8 5
C18:1 oleic acid 0.7 0.7 g/kg 4.4 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 2.9 3.2 g/kg 19.3 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 5.6 6.2 g/kg 37 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.5 0.6 g/kg 3.6 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.9 1 g/kg 2.9 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.7 % FA 0.5 0-1.2 5
Fatty acids 1.5 1.7 g/kg 50 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 91.5 101 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 203 225 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 19.9 22 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 4 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 17 19 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 285 315 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 23 26 µg/kg -
Niacin 51 56 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 41 45 mg/kg -
Folic acid 3 3 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.4 0.5 mg/kg -
Choline 1414 1565 mg/kg -
Xanthophylls 401 443 mg/kg - 118 30 -443 100 130 111 -491 12
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.76 0.84 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.7 0.77 per kg -
PDIA Systali 66 73 g/kg -
PDI Systali 109 121 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 45 50 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.346 0.383 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2140 2370 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1340 1480 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1230 1360 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.9 9.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.6 6.2 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.1 5.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 67.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 64.3 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 60 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 52 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.9 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 6.4 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 9.1 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.1 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.9 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.78 0.86 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.72 0.8 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 59 66 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 104 115 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 51 57 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.72 0.79 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.65 0.71 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 75 83 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 118 130 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 35 38 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.73 0.81 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.66 0.73 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 74 81 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 140 155 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 113 125 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2090 2320 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 8.8 9.7 MJ/kg - 1 1
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 68.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 65.6 % 1
N digestibility ruminants - 72.8 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 80 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 66.2 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 26 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 57 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.09 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 52 % 50-71 3
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 26 % 25-39 2
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 47 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.075 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 66.6 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.1 2.3 g/kg 74 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 6.2 6.9 g/kg 30 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.7 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.4 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.9 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2010 2230 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1870 2070 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1090 1210 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2270 2510 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2060 2280 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1230 1360 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 8.4 9.3 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 7.8 8.7 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.6 5.1 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 9.5 10.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 8.6 9.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.2 5.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 49.6 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 55.9 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 54.9 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 61 %
N digestibility growing pig - 45.6 %
N digestibility adult pig - 53 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 63 % 1
Crude fat digestibility pig - 37.2 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1200 1320 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 5 5.5 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 68 %
Energy digestibility horse - 63.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.64 0.7 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 130 144 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2050 2260 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1890 2090 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.6 9.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 7.9 8.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 50.4 %
N digestibility rabbit - 63 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 10.2 11.3 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1.2 8.1 -11.6 10 1.3 8.9 -13 10 0.6 3.8-5.5 10
Threonine 8.4 9.3 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 2.9 3.3 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N
Cystine 2.4 2.7 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine 5.4 5.9 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tryptophan 3 3.3 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N
Isoleucine 8.9 9.8 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 8.2 -9 2 9 -9.9 2
Valine 12.5 13.9 g/kg 6 g/16g N 10.4 -16 4 11.4 -18 4 4.9-7.6 4
Leucine 15.7 17.4 g/kg 7.6 g/16g N 13.3 -16.1 2 14.6 -17.8 2 6.2-7.6 2
Phenylalanine 10.2 11.3 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tyrosine 7 7.8 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 17.3 19.1 g/kg 8.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Histidine 3.7 4.1 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 2.6 -3.9 4 2.9 -4.3 4 1.2-1.8 4
Arginine 9.5 10.6 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 8.2 -10.8 4 9.2 -12.1 4 3.9-5.1 4
Alanine 10.9 12 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 9.5 -11.6 4 10.5 -13 4 4.5-5.5 4
Aspartic acid 20.8 23.1 g/kg 10 g/16g N 4.7 16.8 -29 5 5.3 18.9 -31.9 5 2.4 7.9-13.6 5
Glutamic acid 19.9 22.1 g/kg 9.6 g/16g N 2.3 18.2 -24.5 5 2.5 20 -26 5 1.1 8.5-11.3 5
Glycine 9.6 10.6 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 8.1 -10.3 4 9.1 -10.8 4 3.8-4.8 4
Serine 8.6 9.5 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 8.8 9.7 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 8.5 -9.4 2 9.4 -10.6 2 4-4.4 2
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 6.8 7.5 g/kg 66 % 1 1 1
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 5.8 6.4 g/kg 69 % 1 1 1
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.5 g/kg 77 % 1 1 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 1.5 g/kg 46 % 1 1 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 6.5 7.1 g/kg 73 % 1 1 1
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 8.8 9.7 g/kg 70 % 1 1 1
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 11.8 13 g/kg 75 % 1 1 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 7.6 8.4 g/kg 74 % 1 1 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 5.1 5.6 g/kg 72 % 1 1 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 12.7 14 g/kg 73 % 1 1 1
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 2.4 2.6 g/kg 64 % 1 1 1
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 8.6 g/kg 82 % 1 1 1
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 8.6 g/kg 72 % 1 1 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 16.8 18.6 g/kg 80 % 1 1 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 14.5 16.1 g/kg 73 % 1 1 1
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 5.3 5.9 g/kg 56 % 1 1 1
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 5.8 6.4 g/kg 68 % 1 1 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 8 8.8 g/kg 78 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.4 7.1 g/kg 75 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 2.6 g/kg 79 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 1.9 g/kg 72 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.5 g/kg 76 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 2.2 2.4 g/kg 73 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.8 7.6 g/kg 77 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.5 10.5 g/kg 75 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.7 13 g/kg 74 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.6 8.4 g/kg 74 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.3 5.9 g/kg 76 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 13 14.3 g/kg 75 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.1 g/kg 74 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 7 7.8 g/kg 73 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.4 9.3 g/kg 77 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 15.5 17.2 g/kg 74 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 15 16.6 g/kg 75 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.3 8.1 g/kg 76 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.4 7.1 g/kg 74 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 6.6 7.3 g/kg 75 %
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