Linseed, whole, extruded

Extruded, whole linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). Other names: full-fat linseed, full-fat flaxseed

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92 100 % -
Crude protein 20.7 22.6 % -
Crude fibre 9.4 10.2 % -
Crude fat 34.3 37.3 % -
Ash 3.9 4.2 % -
NDF 21.6 23.5 % -
ADF 12.8 13.9 % -
Lignin 5.3 5.7 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 16.6 18 % -
Starch 5.5 6 % -
Total sugars 2.8 3 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 5930 6450 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 24.8 27 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.7 3 g/kg -
Phosphorus 5.8 6.3 g/kg -
Phytate phosphorus 4.1 4.4 g/kg 70 % P
Magnesium 3.6 4 g/kg -
Potassium 8 8.7 g/kg -
Sodium 0.45 0.49 g/kg -
Chlorine 0.4 0.4 g/kg -
Sulfur 2.7 3 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 43 47 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 214 232 mEq/kg -
Manganese 29 32 mg/kg -
Zinc 46 50 mg/kg -
Copper 12 13 mg/kg -
Iron 151 164 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.4 0.4 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.04 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 20.7 22.5 g/kg 6.3 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.08 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 13.6 14.8 g/kg 4.2 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 63 68.5 g/kg 19.4 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 51.6 56.2 g/kg 15.9 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 180 196 g/kg 55.3 % FA
Fatty acids 32.6 35.4 g/kg 95 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin K 0.05 0.05 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 2 2 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2 2 mg/kg -
Niacin 14 15 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.56 1.69 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.56 1.7 per kg -
PDIA Systali 91 99 g/kg -
PDI Systali 134 146 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 26 28 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.437 0.475 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 4110 4470 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 2740 2980 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 2750 2990 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 17.2 18.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 11.5 12.5 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 11.5 12.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 76.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 80.2 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 51 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 42 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 5.4 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.9 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.4 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 7.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 6.4 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.6 1.74 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.61 1.76 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 81 88 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 125 136 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 35 38 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.48 1.61 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.47 1.6 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 103 112 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 145 158 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 14 15 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.44 1.56 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.4 1.53 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 104 113 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 157 170 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 126 137 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3900 4240 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 16.3 17.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 78.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 81.5 %
N digestibility ruminants - 73.3 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 90 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 61 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 50 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 21 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 72 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.04 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 41 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 20 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 54 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.038 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 78.7 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.2 4.6 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.5 1.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.8 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.5 % PDIE
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3540 3850 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 14.8 16.1 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 74 %
Energy digestibility horse - 71.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.19 1.29 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 158 172 g/kg -
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 8.1 8.8 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N
Threonine 9.2 10 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N
Methionine 4 4.4 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N
Cystine 4 4.3 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 8 8.7 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N
Tryptophan 3.7 4.1 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N
Isoleucine 9.8 10.7 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N
Valine 10.8 11.8 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N
Leucine 13.2 14.3 g/kg 6.4 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 11.1 12 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N
Tyrosine 5.8 6.3 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 16.9 18.4 g/kg 8.1 g/16g N
Histidine 4.8 5.2 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N
Arginine 20.8 22.6 g/kg 10 g/16g N
Alanine 9.6 10.5 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 20.9 22.8 g/kg 10.1 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 44.8 48.7 g/kg 21.6 g/16g N
Glycine 12.5 13.5 g/kg 6 g/16g N
Serine 10.5 11.4 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Proline 7.7 8.3 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N
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