Rice, paddy

Whole rice grain (Oryza sativa L.) with the hulls included. Paddy rice is further decorticated into brown rice (elimination of the hulls), pearled (elimination of the germ and pericarp) and polished.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.9 100 % - 4.4 82.3 -93.3 42 4
Crude protein 7.5 8.5 % - 1.8 4.6 -12.8 35 2 4.9 -14.2 68
Crude fibre 9.6 11 % - 2 4.9 -15.9 26 2.2 5.6 -17.8 44
Crude fat 2.2 2.5 % - 2.2 1.2 -18.4 25 2.5 1.2 -20.5 57
Ash 5.1 5.8 % - 1.5 2.7 -7.9 37 1.7 3.1 -9.3 69
Insoluble ash 3.8 4.3 % - 1.7 0.7 -5.9 9 2 0.7 -6.5 9
NDF 20.7 23.5 % - 7.2 13 -29.1 6 8.1 15 -42.8 20
ADF 11.8 13.4 % - 2.2 10.8 -18.2 19
Lignin 4.8 5.5 % - 1 4.9 -5.8 3
Starch 56.5 64.3 % - 4.3 43.8 -63.4 11 4.5 49 -73.9 23
Total sugars 0.6 0.6 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 3720 4230 kcal/kg - 150 3580 -3880 5 130 4090 -4400 6
Gross energy (MJ) 15.6 17.7 MJ/kg - 0.6 15 -16.3 5 0.5 17.1 -18.4 6
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.6 0.7 g/kg - 0.8 0.07 -3.5 25 0.9 0.07 -3.8 26
Phosphorus 2.5 2.8 g/kg - 0.6 0.2 -4.1 27 0.7 0.3 -4.7 28
Phytate phosphorus 2 2.3 g/kg 80 % P 1 1 1
Magnesium 1.5 1.7 g/kg - 1.8 0.3 -7.5 13 2 0.3 -8.4 13
Potassium 2.7 3.1 g/kg - 0.6 1.7 -3.3 12 0.6 1.9 -3.7 12
Sodium 0.25 0.28 g/kg - 0.35 0.02 -0.92 5 0.4 0.02 -0.99 5
Sulfur 1 1.1 g/kg -
Manganese 69 78 mg/kg - 36 -109 3 41 -117 4
Zinc 17 20 mg/kg - 16 -23 2 14 -26 3
Copper 5 6 mg/kg - 3 -9 3 3 -10 3
Iron 16 18 mg/kg - 1 1
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Cobalt 2 2 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.8 0.9 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.02 0.03 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C12:0 lauric acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.1 0.2 g/kg 0.7 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 3.5 4 g/kg 18.1 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.06 0.07 g/kg 0.3 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 1.9 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 7.8 8.9 g/kg 40.2 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 7 7.9 g/kg 35.9 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 1.5 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.04 0.04 g/kg 0.2 % FA
Fatty acids 1.9 2.2 g/kg 90 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 9 10 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 5 6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 4 4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 50 57 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 16 18 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.8 0.91 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.76 0.87 per kg -
PDIA Systali 19 21 g/kg -
PDI Systali 61 69 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -27 -30 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.275 0.313 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2200 2500 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1410 1600 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1340 1530 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 9.2 10.5 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.9 6.7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.6 6.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 73.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 69.5 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 69 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 57 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 68 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.3 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.8 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.82 0.93 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.78 0.89 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 17 19 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 61 69 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -28 -32 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.76 0.87 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.72 0.82 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 22 25 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 61 70 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -27 -31 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.79 0.9 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.75 0.85 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 19 22 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 48 55 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 51 58 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2200 2510 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.2 10.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 74.5 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 70.9 %
N digestibility ruminants - 54.9 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 80 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 57 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 71 % 6 57-81 12
Immediately degradable N (a) - 45 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 40 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.11 h-1 0.043 0.071-0.2 12
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 % 7 62-90 12
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 26 % 12 10-59 12
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 74 % 12 41-90 12
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.075 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 % 6 50-71 12
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 69.8 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1.9 2.1 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.4 0.4 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.6 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2890 3290 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2820 3210 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2200 2500 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3000 3420 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2930 3330 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2250 2570 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 12.1 13.8 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 11.8 13.4 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9.2 10.5 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 12.6 14.3 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 12.2 13.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.4 10.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 77.6 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 80.7 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 80.8 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 84 %
N digestibility growing pig - 64.5 %
N digestibility adult pig - 73.6 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 34.4 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.3 0.3 g/kg 12 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2760 3140 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2700 3080 kcal/kg - 1
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 11.6 13.2 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 11.3 12.9 MJ/kg - 1
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 82 %
Energy digestibility horse - 78.8 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.99 1.12 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 52 59 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2630 3000 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2570 2930 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11 12.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.8 12.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 70.8 %
N digestibility rabbit - 54.2 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 2.8 3.2 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 2.3 -2.9 4 2.6 -3.3 4 3.1-4.1 4
Threonine 2.7 3 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.5 1.6 -2.9 5 0.6 1.8 -3.3 5
Methionine 1.8 2.1 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 1.8 -2.4 4 2 -2.7 4 2.1-3 4
Cystine 1.4 1.6 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 3.2 3.6 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 0.7 1.6 -3.5 5 0.8 1.8 -3.9 5 0.9 2.1-4.6 5
Tryptophan 1.3 1.5 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N
Isoleucine 3.3 3.8 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 4.3-7.1 5
Valine 4.3 4.9 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 0.4 4 -4.8 5 0.4 4.6 -5.4 5 0.9 4.1-6.7 5
Leucine 5.8 6.6 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N 1.3 4.7-8 5
Phenylalanine 3.8 4.3 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 0.4 3 -4.2 5 0.5 3.4 -4.7 5 1 3.2-5.5 5
Tyrosine 3.1 3.5 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.9 3.1-5.4 5
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 6.9 7.8 g/kg 9.2 g/16g N 0.7 6.1 -8 5 0.8 7 -9.1 5 1.8 6.3-10.9 5
Histidine 1.7 1.9 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 0.4 1.3-2.2 5
Arginine 5.8 6.6 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N 0.8 4.1 -6.2 5 0.9 4.7 -7.1 5 1.7 4.3-8.9 5
Alanine 4.1 4.7 g/kg 5.5 g/16g N 0.3 3.9 -4.5 5 0.3 4.4 -5.1 5 1 3.5-5.9 5
Aspartic acid 6.6 7.5 g/kg 8.8 g/16g N 1 4.6 -7 5 1.1 5.3 -7.9 5
Glutamic acid 13.1 14.9 g/kg 17.6 g/16g N 1.3 9.8 -13.2 5
Glycine 3.3 3.7 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 0.2 2.8 -3.4 5 0.2 3.2 -3.8 5
Serine 3.6 4.1 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.8 2.1 -4.1 5 0.9 2.4 -4.6 5 1.2 2.6-5.2 5
Proline 3.4 3.9 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 0.3 3.3 -4.2 5 0.4 3.8 -4.7 5 0.8 3.7-5.5 5
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.3 g/kg 73 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 2.1 g/kg 69 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.7 g/kg 84 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 1.1 g/kg 67 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.8 g/kg 77 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1 1.1 g/kg 75 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 3 g/kg 79 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.8 g/kg 77 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.8 5.5 g/kg 83 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.6 g/kg 84 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 2.8 g/kg 79 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.6 6.4 g/kg 82 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.4 1.5 g/kg 81 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.6 g/kg 84 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.5 g/kg 74 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 5 5.7 g/kg 76 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 10.8 12.2 g/kg 82 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.7 g/kg 72 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 3 g/kg 75 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.7 g/kg 70 %
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