Rice, brown

Unpolished rice grain (Oryza sativa L.) without the hulls but with the outer grain layers.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88.5 100 % - 5.4 83.3 -95.1 29 5
Crude protein 9.3 10.5 % - 2.2 6.3 -10.1 33 2.4 7.2 -16.1 72
Crude fibre 1 1.1 % - 0.7 0.2 -3.7 24 0.8 0.2 -4.2 41
Crude fat 1.9 2.1 % - 1 0.2 -3 24 1.1 0.2 -3.9 59
Ash 1.1 1.2 % - 0.6 0.2 -1.8 27 0.6 0.2 -2.1 45
Insoluble ash 0.3 0.3 % - 0.2 -0.3 2 0.3 -0.4 2
NDF 3.3 3.7 % - 2.9 0.3 -8.3 6 3.2 0.4 -9.3 7
ADF 1.6 1.8 % - 1.4 0.5 -3.9 6 1.6 0.6 -4.4 7
Lignin 1.6 1.8 % - 1.4 -1.8 2 1.6 -2 2
Starch 76.9 86.9 % - 3.6 68.8 -83.4 20 2.6 80.3 -91.6 20
Total sugars 0.6 0.6 % - 0.6 0.09 -1.8 6 0.7 0.1 -1.9 6
Gross energy (kcal) 3860 4360 kcal/kg - 400 3690 -4690 6 430 4220 -5330 6
Gross energy (MJ) 16.2 18.3 MJ/kg - 1.7 15.4 -19.6 6 1.8 17.7 -22.3 6
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.2 0.2 g/kg - 0.1 -0.4 4 0.1 -0.4 4
Phosphorus 2.7 3 g/kg - 1.7 1.1 -5.7 5 1.9 1.3 -6.5 6
Phytate phosphorus 2.1 2.4 g/kg 80 % P 1 1
Magnesium 1.4 1.6 g/kg -
Potassium 15.1 17.1 g/kg -
Sodium 0.2 0.23 g/kg - 0.1 -0.3 2 0.11 -0.34 2
Chlorine 0.2 0.2 g/kg - 0.1 -0.2 2 0.1 -0.2 2
Sulfur 1 1.1 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 333 376 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 393 444 mEq/kg -
Manganese 26 29 mg/kg - 1
Zinc 18 20 mg/kg - 1
Copper 2 3 mg/kg -
Iron 16 18 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Cobalt 2 2 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.8 0.9 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.02 0.03 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C12:0 lauric acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.7 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 3 3.4 g/kg 18.1 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.05 0.06 g/kg 0.3 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 1.9 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 6.7 7.6 g/kg 40.2 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 6 6.8 g/kg 35.9 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 1.5 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.03 0.04 g/kg 0.2 % FA
Fatty acids 1.7 1.9 g/kg 90 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 9 10 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 5 6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 4 4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 50 57 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 16 18 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.12 1.27 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.16 1.31 per kg -
PDIA Systali 25 28 g/kg -
PDI Systali 73 83 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -24 -27 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.203 0.23 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2900 3280 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1980 2230 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 2030 2300 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 12.2 13.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.3 9.3 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.5 9.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 90.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 88 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 69 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 66 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 68 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.6 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.8 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.1 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.3 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.14 1.29 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.18 1.33 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 22 25 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 73 83 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -26 -29 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.09 1.23 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.11 1.26 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 29 32 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 74 84 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -24 -28 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.11 1.25 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.13 1.27 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 25 29 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 62 70 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 68 77 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2900 3280 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 12.2 13.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 92.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 89.3 %
N digestibility ruminants - 70.8 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 85 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 57 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 71 % 1
Immediately degradable N (a) - 45 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 40 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.11 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 % 1
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 26 % 1
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 74 % 1
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.075 h-1 1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 70 % 12-71 2
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 68.1 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2 2.3 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.1 0.1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.6 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3680 4150 kcal/kg - 4090 -4190 4
ME growing pig (kcal) 3590 4050 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2900 3280 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3690 4170 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3590 4060 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2900 3270 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 15.4 17.4 MJ/kg - 17.1 -17.5 4
ME growing pig (MJ) 15 17 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 12.1 13.7 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 15.4 17.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 15 17 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 12.1 13.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 95.2 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 95.5 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 98 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 98 %
N digestibility growing pig - 90.1 %
N digestibility adult pig - 90.9 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 45 % 44-64 4
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.3 0.4 g/kg 12 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3620 4090 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3550 4010 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 15.1 17.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 14.9 16.8 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 97 %
Energy digestibility horse - 92.8 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.23 1.39 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 65 74 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3300 3730 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3210 3630 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13.8 15.6 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 13.4 15.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 85.6 %
N digestibility rabbit - 73.2 % 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 3.5 3.9 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 0.7 2.3 -3.7 9 0.8 2.6 -5.7 20 0.3 3.3-4.3 24
Threonine 3.4 3.8 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 1 2.5 -5.8 16 0.4 3.2-4.8 20
Methionine 2.2 2.5 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 0.5 1.4 -2.3 5 0.6 1.6 -3.9 16 0.4 1.6-3 20
Cystine 1.5 1.7 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 0.5 0.9 -2 4 0.6 1 -2.7 15 0.6 1-2.6 19
Methionine + cystine 3.7 4.1 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 0.7 3.3 -5.4 15 0.6 3-5.2 19
Tryptophan 1.6 1.8 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 0.7 1 -2.9 4 0.8 1 -3.4 9 0.7 1.1-3.6 13
Isoleucine 4.2 4.8 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 2.2 -5.4 5 1.1 2.5 -6.3 16 0.7 3.2-6.6 20
Valine 5.4 6.2 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N 1.3 3.8 -8.1 16 0.5 4.4-6.2 20
Leucine 7.4 8.4 g/kg 8 g/16g N 2.1 5.2 -11.5 16 1 5.5-10.1 20
Phenylalanine 4.9 5.5 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 1.3 3.5 -8.3 16 0.4 4.3-6.3 20
Tyrosine 4 4.5 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.1 2.1 -4.5 5 1.3 1.8 -6.9 16 1.1 2.4-5.6 20
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 8.8 10 g/kg 9.5 g/16g N 2.1 5.3 -9 5 2.4 5.7 -13.6 16 1.3 6.7-11.1 20
Histidine 2.2 2.4 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 0.6 1.6 -3.6 16 0.2 2.1-2.7 20
Arginine 7.5 8.5 g/kg 8.1 g/16g N 1.9 5.7 -11.8 16 1.1 4.7-9 20
Alanine 5.3 6 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 1.5 3.6 -8.8 16 0.6 4.1-6.7 19
Aspartic acid 8.9 10.1 g/kg 9.6 g/16g N 3.3 6.5 -17.4 16 1.4 6.6-13.2 19
Glutamic acid 17.2 19.5 g/kg 18.5 g/16g N 5 10.7 -20.2 5 5.6 12 -28.6 16 2.1 15.1-21.8 19
Glycine 4.3 4.8 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1.3 3.5 -7.6 16 0.4 4.1-5.8 20
Serine 4.6 5.2 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1.3 3.7 -8.1 16 0.5 4.1-6.1 19
Proline 4.4 4.9 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1.1 2.3 -7.9 5 1.3 2.7 -7.2 16 1.2 3.5-8.1 19
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.6 g/kg 91 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.6 g/kg 93 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.2 g/kg 90 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.2 1.4 g/kg 84 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.6 g/kg 88 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.4 1.6 g/kg 89 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 4 4.5 g/kg 95 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.1 5.7 g/kg 93 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.9 7.8 g/kg 93 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.4 5 g/kg 91 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 4.1 g/kg 92 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.1 9.1 g/kg 91 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.2 g/kg 90 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 7 7.9 g/kg 93 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5 5.6 g/kg 94 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 8.3 9.4 g/kg 93 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 15.7 17.7 g/kg 91 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 4 4.5 g/kg 93 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 4.8 g/kg 92 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 3.5 3.9 g/kg 80 %
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